How to Ensure Papuan Youth Continue to Innovate?

Suara.com – His final project at the end of his undergraduate education level provided an opportunity for Yason Agapa to come up with the idea of ​​making a used oil stove.

This creation is not completely new. However, the innovation of the Cenderawasih University student from Deiyai ​​Papua is believed to be environmentally friendly, because it recycles used oil that has been thrown away.

Young people from Papua have repeatedly emerged thanks to their brilliant achievements in academics. Last year, a number of innovations deemed beneficial to local communities also emerged in the search for ‘young Papuan scientists’.

So, how do you ensure that every young Papuan talent has the opportunity to make technological breakthroughs? And can their innovation be the solution to many problems in Papua?

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Yason, who finished his studies at the end of 2020, said that he was underestimated when he proposed the idea of ​​making this used oil stove.

However, Yason believes he can implement the idea, which he thinks is not difficult to work on.

“My first proposal for my final project was about a coconut shredded machine. But the lecturer did not agree because my seniors had already made it,” said Yason when contacted, early February.

“I then came forward with a new proposal. The supervisor was confused, what stove is this? There are a lot of stoves, he said. This is a used oil stove, I said.”

“The supervisor and examiner at that time were confused. I said it was okay, later I will make this stove until it is finished,” continued Yason.

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He admitted that he did not spend a long time assembling this used oil stove. The biggest challenge is finding a seller of wind blower machines or blowers in Jayapura.

This machine is the most expensive component of the stove, which costs around Rp1 million.

“The production is finished in one hour, when the ingredients are complete. The blower machine is hard to find, you have to order from outside. Yesterday I bought it in Jayapura, but they said there was only one,” he said.

The process of turning on Jason’s stove takes about five minutes. First, the wind blower must be operated. The wind from this machine flows into the furnace through a one meter long pipe.

Yason holds container oil in a gallon of drinking water. These gallons are placed in a higher position than the blower and furnace.

After the wind blower engine rotates, used oil is dripped through a small pipe so that it flows into the furnace. After that, Jason lighted the fuse in the furnace using a match.

“This stove is safe. It will not burn or explode,” claims Yason.

Four months after his stove wasacc a team of lecturers, Yason admitted that he had sold more than 50 stoves to residents of Jayapura and Nabire.

Yason said buyers not only use it for household needs, but also for cooking pork in customary rituals and religious events.

Yason sells this stove for IDR 2 million or relatively higher than a normal gas stove. He said the figure appeared because the prices of the basic components of this stove, one of which was a wind blower, were indeed expensive.

“Ordinary stoves are cheaper, but this stove has a bigger fire, cooks faster. If you run out of fuel, just take it at the workshop,” said Yason.

In 2016, three Sriwijaya University students in Palembang created a multi-fuel stove. Not only used oil, their stoves can also be lit by using used cooking oil.

Four years earlier, two researchers at the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), had also made stoves using used cooking oil.

However, Jason doubts this innovation can guarantee a future for him. Since graduating from college last October, he is still looking for job vacancies.

“My income is decent but until now the government has not paid attention,” said Yason.

“I hope they can provide financial assistance or a workplace so that more people use my stove,” he said.

Apart from used oil stoves, technological innovations have also appeared in the search program ‘ten Papuan Young Scientists‘year 2020 organized by a non-profit organization, the Eco Nusa Foundation.

One of the ten research proposals that passed the program selection was the manufacture of a sago extraction machine with a threaded stirrer equipped with a grating unit. This innovation was proposed by Ian Immanuel Homer, a student of Agricultural Engineering at the University of Papua.

Rina Kusuma, the manager of the Eco Nusa Foundation which maintains this program, said that so far research and research in Papua has been dominated by people who are not born and live on the island.

Through a project to seek innovation and research funding from her institution, Rina hopes that researchers from Papua will emerge who have a positive impact on local communities.

“Many researchers in Papua are ‘helicopter researchers.’ They come from outside Papua, research here and then take the knowledge they get.

We want to encourage Papuan children to research in their own villages, “said Rina.

“At first we were wondering if anyone would register because similar programs held by other institutions were less attractive.

“We think 40-50 proposals are very good, but in the end we have selected a total of 86 proposals,” he said.

After a research process funded by Eco Nusa, the ten scientists in this program are currently entering the final writing stage.

Next, the researchers who are all undergraduate students will be asked to write their research in a popular manner on one of the leading research publishing sites.

Rina hopes that the results of the entire research will be continued by the local government so that it will truly benefit the local community.

The next question is whether the research and research climate has enabled many young people in Papua to innovate?

Not yet, said George Saa, a son from Papua who holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Birmingham, as well as the winner of the 2004 First Step to Nobel Prize in Physics.

“I was one of the leaders of the group of young Papuans who met President Jokowi, September 2019. Papuan children from all over the world were gathered.

“The president said, we want to make anything that will be fully supported. The meeting also encouraged the establishment of a Papuan research center, but I do not agree with the way they encourage research and how to manage it.

“With the complexity of the problems of young Papuans today, I think the way to achieve this idea is not good. It will not cover all elements of Papuan children,” said George.

About one month after the meeting at the State Palace in September 2019, which George mentioned earlier, Jokowi inaugurated the construction of the Papua Youth Creative Hub in Jayapura.

The research center is managed by PT Papua Muda Inspiratif, led by Billy Mambrasar, a special staff for the president from Papua.

“The big idea to build the Papua Youth Creative Hub in Jayapura will mark the importance of big leaps for Indonesian youth, especially Papuan youth, in order to compete in the global world,” Jokowi told the press at that time.

“And I really welcome those who are smart, who are creative, who are innovative, which are gathered in a large container called Inspirational Young Papua. That will really have a big impact on the Land of Papua,” he said.

However, until now, the building where the “center of creativity” has not been built has yet to be built. In 2021, the cost of building the Papua Youth Creative Hub enter the budget threshold of the Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing.

However, according to George Saa, until now there has been no significant progress in ensuring opportunities for young Papuans to innovate.

“When it comes to research and technology development made by Papuan children, the government has no intention of encouraging it,” said George.

“They have never seen how Papuans do not depend on extracting natural resources or depending on jobs in companies, but the application of research that can create products.

“If it is true that Papuan children cannot be helped by the regional government, how can the central government shorten the distance from us,” he said.

George also encourages an aid program for Papuan scientists focusing on research whose results can be of use to many people.

“I hope the research leads to products that can generate money. There are two studies, finding new phenomena or those with practical aspects. If the research is good but not applicable, the end is not clear,” said George.

Last September, Jokowi published Presidential Instruction 9/2020 which is claimed to be a guideline for innovative and inclusive Papuan development.

Through this instruction, Jokowi assigned a number of ministers to ensure the development and management of innovation and creativity for indigenous Papuan youth through the Papua Youth Creative Hub.

In particular, the Minister of Research and Technology is assigned to develop production technology innovations that can be useful in the process of utilizing natural resources.

The innovation is focused on agriculture, fisheries and social sectors.


Source: Suara.com – Kumpulan Kabar Berita Terkini Yang Terbaru Hari Ini by www.suara.com.

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