How to arrange the plants in the aquarium

How to arrange the plants in the aquarium

Knowing how to properly arrange plants in a freshwater aquarium it is a fundamental operation for every aquarist or aspiring aquarist, as much as knowing the characteristics and needs of the plants that we are going to insert in the tank.

Often, in fact, those who are beginners tend to choose plants for the aquarium driven by aesthetic factors, forgetting however that, just like fish, even those plants have specific needs and peculiarities, which must therefore be taken into consideration.

And therefore, just as we need to know the needs of the fish we are going to insert in the aquarium, so too we should know the needs of the plants, starting with the best position for them in the tank.

If selected and managed carefully, the aquatic plants they can significantly improve the ecosystem and habitat of the tank, purifying the water, avoiding the proliferation of unwanted algae and providing shelter and hiding place for small fish and shrimps.

So, how to insert plants in a freshwater aquarium? Let’s see in outline what are the things to know to create a perfect aquarium with real plants.

Aquarium plants: how do they look like?

Plants to be included in the aquarium are usually sold in small plastic jars, and their roots are often wrapped in some sort of sponge or lanetta which is used to promote rooting and fertilize the plant. This sponge is called “the frog”, To be removed completely before inserting the plant in the aquarium.

Before this operation, therefore, remove all traces of grodan (for the thickest parts you can use a toothpick) and rinse the roots under a light stream of tap water. By doing this, you will be able to remove all traces of sponge and the harmful substances contained in it (such as fertilizers and other products which, although beneficial for the plant, can be very dangerous for fish).

The bottom of the tub

Source: Pixabay

At this point, we have our seedling clean and ready to be planted in a suitable soil. The latter must provide a bottom substrate, where the roots of the plant can fix, and a layer of aquarium gravelto be rinsed before placing it in the tub.

Although aquarium plants get their nourishment through the leaves, they can also draw nutrients from the bottom, so you may want to add special ones from time to time. fertilizers for aquarium seedlings. For example, you can insert fertilizer tablets in the substrate near the roots.

Ensuring proper nutrient supply will help counteract algae growth and prevent debris from building up. But rely on the advice of an expert, especially as regards the quantities of the product. Keep in mind that one excessive fertilization it can be counterproductive and harm not only plants but also fish and other organisms in the tank.

Lighting in the aquarium

Like all plants, aquatic ones also need luce for photosynthesis to take place. For this reason, the plants must receive adequate lighting, with the use of a light expressly indicated for the cultivation of aquarium plants.

The amount of light needed it will depend on the size of the tank, as well as on the specific needs of the plants. Generally, however, approx 10-12 hours of light per day.

Where to arrange the plants in an aquarium?

arrange aquarium plants
Source: Pixabay

And we come to one of the most important points for those who want to know how to set up an aquariumnamely the arrangement of the plants in the tank.

Each type of plant has in fact specific characteristics and needs of light and space. To facilitate the work, we tend to divide the plants according to three different types:

  • Foreground plants, those that, growing slightly in height, can be positioned in the central and front part of the aquarium. These plants tend to develop more in width than in height.
  • Center maps: mostly these are aquarium plants without fertile bottom, which must therefore not be tied to the ground, but rather to woods and rocks. However, plants that grow in height, without reaching excessive lengths, about 10-25 centimeters, are also included among those from the center.
  • Background plants: this type of plant it tends to grow very fastwhich is why it is wise to place them in the background of the tank, so as to avoid continuous pruning interventions. In this way, among other things, plants will be able to disguise aquarium pipes and heaters.

When buying an aquarium plant, find out about its characteristics and needs, choose carefully where to plant it and evaluate its aesthetic effect both in the short and long term, when it has grown up.

How to insert plants in the aquarium?

At this point, we have a clear idea of ​​where to insert the plants, but how to do it? First of all, as we have seen, it will be necessary to gently remove the fluff that surrounds them rootswithout however damaging the root system.

Rinse the roots with light running water and group them together using special tweezers. Then, you can make a small hole in the substrate and gently insert the roots on bottom of the aquariumensuring that they do not come out and do not rise.

In this case, always gently bury the root that has escaped.

How to tie plants in a fertile bottomless aquarium?

As for the hooking of the Fertile bottomless aquarium plants, the procedure is slightly different. In this case, in fact, it is about plants that grow anchored to woods or rocks, so it will be necessary to make sure that they bind to them.

To do this, simply place the plant in such a way as to make the roots adherewhich will then be delicately fixed with a cotton or nylon thread, to be wrapped several times on the stone.

Over time, the plant will attach itself to the support.

How many plants to have in a 100 liter aquarium?

Source: Pixabay

When it comes to aquarium plants, the ideal would be to choose few varieties but in substantial quantities. If it is true that, when it comes to vegetables, the more there is, the better, it should also be considered that common sense must be used.

Ideally, to understand how many plants to insert in the aquarium, you can rely on a simple one formula: the number of plants corresponds to the length of the aquarium in centimeters multiplied by the width and divided by 50.

In the case of a 100 x 40 cm aquarium, the result will therefore be 80 plants.

This quantity will correspond to the number of plants suitable for obtaining a balanced ecosystem and favoring the development of plants. When choosing vegetables, however, remember that it is necessary to leave enough living space for the fish.

When to insert plants in the aquarium?

In an aquarium, real plants should be planted differently weeks before the fish arrivethat is, before you put your little friends with flippers in the tub, so that the habitat is well underway and ready to welcome new guests.

Leave the aquarium running for at least a month, then add the fish. Otherwise, the good bacteria may not have formed which will help rebalance the aquarium, stabilize the pH and prevent fluctuations in nitrates and other harmful waste products.

By following these tips, relying on the directions of yours aquarist trustworthy, you will be able to create a healthy and natural habitat for your fish, for an evocative aquatic garden.

How to use a disused aquarium?

If the idea of ​​trying your hand at the cultivation of plants in the aquarium you are not too excited about it, or if the idea of ​​creating a Dutch aquarium is not exactly your thing, there are so many other ways to revive an old aquarium that you no longer use.

For example, you could convert it to terrarium or paludarium, or you could turn it into one greenhouse for plants and cacti. Alternatively, you’ll want to make a small one vegetable garden with aromatic plants or an elegant aquarium with succulents, to be displayed in the living room or in the garden.

Source: GreenStyle by

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