With Boban Markovic from the Agricultural Advisory and Expert Service Smederevo, we talked about a very important measure in the production of strawberries – tearing the stolons. He revealed to us why their removal is important for the strawberry plant itself, when it is done and in what all ways.
The plant directs food to the stolon instead of the fruit
Stolons are the parts of a strawberry that are used for vegetative propagation. However, as our interlocutor says, they are the negative part of the plant in production plantations.
“When we talk about their development, it is the most intensive from May so all the way to September and in that period this is done pomotechnical measure which is considered mandatory. With this measure, we will not only get the quality of the fruit in the production of strawberries, but also the quality of it quantity. The reason lies in the fact that the plant, when it is in fruiting, should direct all its food in the fruit and not in the reproductive organ, that is, the stolon from which the future hedgerow emerges “, said Markovic.
Under normal conditions, four stolons are removed per year
He points out for our portal that it is necessary to perform this type regularly summer pruning at strawberry.
“This auxiliary measure by which regular yields are achieved is performed in.” four times. It’s working for the first time before flowering strawberries, those that appear first are removed so as not to take away food and allow good flowering and overblooming. Other times we should do their removal directly before harvest, third po end of harvest, and the fourth removal in the middle or at the end of August under normal conditions. These four occasions are quite enough to stay in for now good gender condition ”, said our interlocutor.
He adds that however, their development may be a little different because the number of stolons and their development itself are directly related to nutrition, irrigation or with climatic factors such as these days we have extremely high temperatures with water sediment deficiency and lack of air humidity which negatively affects the plant itself.
“One more thing is important to mention, we have cases in practice that have occurred damage somewhere and for example we don’t have a bokor. In that situation, it is desirable that the stolon that developed from the mother bokor and which came to the place where the strawberry bokor is missing, let’s leave in order to fill the empty space with him “, said this expert for AGROmedia portal.
Do not use stolon hedges for further planting of strawberries
He points out one more thing: some fruit growers use these new hedges that were created from stolons for further planting. As he says, he is not a supporter of that and believes that it is not recommended, and he says that in serious strawberry production it is necessary to use declared seedlings.
Stolons negatively affect longevity one plantation of strawberries.
“It simply came to our notice then exhaust the parent bokor, he sends them constant food until they are “caught” and instead of that food being exclusively for the bokor itself, that is, for the fruit that is on it when we have finished flowering, fruit set and intense fruit growth until the harvest “, concludes Boban Markovic.
Stolons can be removed manually, mechanically and chemically
When it comes to removing them, he points out that it can be manually, mechanically and chemically. Machine removal is resorted to when they have expanded too much out of the bank or outside the parent plant, in which case it is necessary to pass freesome.
When it comes to the chemical method, herbicides are used, but only those that do not translocation action so that the plant would not draw them into itself and send them to the roots through the conducting vessels. In that case, he argues, comes to drying bokor.
When it comes to removing stolons manually, our interlocutor points out that this is done with stolons that appear in banks, and in most cases in intensive plantations strawberries are made on foil you resort to their manual removal, that is, scissors, so as not to damaged the foil.
Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.
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