Since the school is located next to the church, and forms the center of the settlement with it, the topic of community and gatherings was key for this project.
Elementary school “Nikola Tesla” in Novi Banovci is a facility that has long served its purpose and no longer meets the needs of users, so the investor’s request was to upgrade the existing facility. That task belonged to him Studiju A&D Architects from Belgrade, which gave the whole complex a new and refreshed look.
Namely, the complex of the elementary school “Nikola Tesla” consists of three separate buildings which are interconnected – the existing school facilities and gymnasiums that have been reconstructed, and a newly built school building that connects existing buildings.
The position of the complex in the urban fabric had a significant impact during the design. Considering that the school is located next to the church, and with it forms the center of the settlement, the theme of community and gathering was key to this project, says architect Jovanka Gojković from Studio A&D Architects for our portal.
The newly built building, with its shape and position, determines the square – the gathering space – in front of the church.
It’s a new facility formed between the two existing ones. It consists of two units, connected by a stair space, and is connected to the existing buildings through warm connections. Although functionally all wholes are connected and together form a single complex, in in terms of form there is a clear demarcation.
The newly built building, with its shape and position, determines the square – the gathering space – in front of the church. The theme of the gathering also runs through the interior of the building. The main entrance opens towards an inner atrium that connects all the floors and forms a gathering center in the school. The whole space is additionally accentuated by a glass strip that follows the staircase and continues into the sloping glass roof.
Two wholes, two materials
The newly built building consists of two parts, which is clearly reflected in the materialization and color. The facade and roof of the first unit (black house) are made of falcovanog five. The façade and roof system Prefalz of the company Prefa was used, which is a ventilated façade made of folded sheet metal on the substructure.
The facade of the second unit (white house) is paved fiber cement boards, of the Silbonit company, on the substructure, while the Prefalz system was applied on the roof again. The facades of the existing buildings are made of Silbonite fiber cement boards.
“All facade systems of the buildings are designed and constructed as ventilisane fasade, which allowed us to work out the details hidden gutters and shutters, and give the buildings a reduced look “, says Gojković for our portal.
Daylight in the classrooms is controlled by blinds, and the spaces in the attic are illuminated through skylights.
It was a big challenge selection of materials for sheet metal facade, which had a wooden substructure in its system solution. “Since such a system did not meet the fuel class prescribed for a specific position, we worked with the manufacturer and contractor to find a solution that meets all requirements,” adds Jelena.
The light motif is used to emphasize the vertical communications and gathering spaces in the building, as well as the warm connections that connect the existing and the newly built building. Daylight in the classrooms is controlled blinds, and the spaces of the library and media library in the attic are illuminated through skylights that bring additional dynamics to the play of light and shadow in the building.
External louvers on the company’s motor drive were used Vipol and internal roller blinds. When assembled, the blinds are completely hidden in the ventilated facade. The lowered blinds create dynamics on the reduced facades.
The challenge of sloping glass roofs
The building is a reinforced concrete structure cast on site. In a constructive sense it is frame-frame construction consisting of pillars and beams. In the roof, the beams are sloping, and follow the shape of the building. The roof structure consists of steel corneas, which rest on sloping concrete beams, and wooden horns, and a sheet metal cover is made over them.
“Design and execution was a big challenge on this project sloping glass roofs, where we, as architectural designers, worked closely with structural designers, system manufacturers and contractors, in order to find the most elegant solution possible. ” – Jovanka Gojković remembers.
Miraculous ceilings, eposkid floors
In the buildings, suspended ceilings were made in all rooms – they were applied coffered mineral ceilings from Armstrong in combination with monolithic ceilings. The floors are made of epoxy, companies BASF.
The school has 20 classrooms, eight of which are in the newly built facility. The ground floor of the newly built facility is dedicated to common areas – dining room, extended stay and sports club premises, while classrooms are located upstairs.
A recipe for a successful project
Design and execution always bring many challenges. That’s why Studio A&D Architects pays great attention to technical details and project elaboration. “We are always involved in the performance, because during the performance, problems often arose that could not have been foreseen. Cooperation with installation designers is crucial for every successfully completed project, and we often cooperate directly with manufacturers in order to find the best solution “, concludes Jovanka Gojković.
- object name: Reconstruction and extension of the elementary school “Nikola Tesla”
- the city: Novi Banovci
- investor: Municipal Administration of the Municipality of Stara Pazova
- project authors: Studio A&D Architects
- author team: Danilo Grahovac, Ivana Mijailović, Jovanka Gojković
- associates: Asmec Consultants, Quiddita
- year of design: 2018.
- Year of construction: 2020.
- gross area: 3.508 m2
- plot area: 5.800 m2
- floors: P+1+Pk
- investment value: 400,000,000.00 din.
- photo: Milos Martinovic, Bosko Karanovic
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