how the law defines the norms of the working day

Many work for wear and tear – under pain of layoffs or in order to earn extra euros; and someone makes a career with excessive zeal. However, the Labor Law regulates working hours, including taking into account the time for rest and lunch. Readers ask: How much time per day should they work? Portal reports.

Now that many businesses are closed during the emergency, untouched people are desperately holding on to work. In turn, some employers use the situation to their advantage, overloading workers. So, Irina from Riga wrote that she works in a small household goods store.

Trade is practically banned, and the owner sent a second seller on unpaid leave:

“I work from 10 am to 7 pm every day. And although almost all goods are prohibited, they can be sold remotely, that is, the buyer calls, and we give him the goods ordered by phone. And this is not only a sale, but also a remote order. You have to go to the warehouse. In general, I spin like a squirrel in a wheel. Neither eat nor sit down, unless you get lucky and some kind of random break is formed. One day off – on Sunday … “

Moreover, the reader does not complain: she understands that she could be on unpaid leave. But Irina suggests that it would be possible to make another day off – for example, Monday, since there are a lot of buyers on Saturday, and, for example, put an announcement about the lunch break for at least half an hour …

Unhappy with the organization of labor and workers engaged in repair work. Ivan and his comrades came to the capital from Latgale. They make repairs mainly in industrial premises and offices – those that are simpler, not in the steep ones on Skanstes.

There are five of us, we live in a rented apartment, which is rented by an employer, we work from morning to late evening, sometimes on weekends, ” Ivan said. – There is a lot of work, and we do not complain. But the so-called elder constantly comes to check whether we are resting, whether everyone is at work. It comes to the point that if we have a quick meal at this time, he writes out penalty points for us, and then deducts from our salary … But after all, there is a lunch break, although we do not work at the factory. My wife works in a sewing workshop, so there is officially a lunch break, a five-minute warm-up every two hours …

Many people recycle – both office workers and in workshops, and manual and intellectual workers. This, of course, is a matter of public or private agreement between the employee and the employer.

But there is a law “On Labor” and rules of the Cabinet of Ministers, which regulate the procedure for organizing working time in general and in various spheres of the national economy.

  • How many hours should you work?

Within the framework of working hours, the employee performs his work and is at the disposal of the employer, with the exception of work breaks, explains lawyer Irina Savelyeva:

The beginning and end of the working day establish the internal rules of the daily routine of the respective enterprise or institution, the schedule of its work and the current labor agreement with a certain employee …

The following working day organization is allowed in Latvia.

Normal working hours: no more than 8 hours each working day or 40 hours a week.

If work is associated with a special risk, then a shorter working day is provided: no more than 7 hours a day or 35 hours a week, and in some cases – 50% of a normal working day or working week.

Accumulated working hours are used when, due to the nature of the work, it is not possible to comply with certain working hours, such as in trade and services. But the length of the working day cannot exceed 24 hours, and the total working time per week is 56 hours and 160 hours in a four-week period.

The continuous work cycle, in turn, provides for the organization of shift work: the first (morning), second (day) and third (night) shifts. The employer is obliged to draw up a work schedule in such a way as to prevent the employee from leaving two shifts in a row and that everyone has time to rest.

Night work is also allowed, that is, the one that the employee performs from 10 pm to 6 am for more than two hours in a row.

And overtime work – that which the employee does in excess of his established normal working hours – by mutual written agreement with the employer. Without written consent – only if it is required by the most urgent needs of society.

Total overtime employment cannot exceed 8 hours in a 7-day period for 4 months.

Any employee has the right to take a break from work if his daily working time exceeds 6 hours, the lawyer informs. – A break is allowed no later than 4 hours after the start of work.

Break duration – not less than 30 minutes …

Amendments to the Labor Law (part 3 of Article 145 of the Law) provide that an employee can choose options for using rest. If during a break he is unable to leave his workplace and thus is unable to use this time for rest, the break is counted as working time.

This provision is important for services whose workers are engaged in operational work – for example, firefighters, emergency medical workers and others: as practice shows, representatives of other professions also spin like squirrels in a wheel.

Additional breaks should be provided for workers to feed the baby, as well as those whose work is at particular risk.

When drawing up an employment contract, an employee must provide or at least know about his daily routine and make sure that breaks are indicated in it, – Irina SAVELIEVA emphasizes. – If the employer ignores the employee’s rights to standardized working hours and lunch and rest breaks, I advise you to first speak with the employer or his representative …

If the negotiations do not bring changes, then you can inform the State Labor Inspectorate:

* e-mail – [email protected]

* phones: 67021704, 25484791.

Source: GOROD.LV – новости Даугавпилса by

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