Although it has a friendly name, the disease, whose scientific name is infectious mononucleosis, is extremely severe in 30 percent of cases and can even lead to tumors.
Mononucleosis, known as “kissing disease”, made the Romanian athlete give up playing in the Olympic tennis tournament. Begu is not the first tennis player to suffer from this, and Gabriela Ruse or Sabine Lisicki became infected with this virus.
The doctor consulted by Ziare.com explained that he is not “joking” about the infection with the Epstein Barr virus, and the name “sympathetic” should not give us the feeling that it is a transient disease, but on the contrary. The popular name is given by the fact that this virus is transmitted primarily through body fluids, especially saliva, but also through semen during sexual intercourse and contact with the blood of a patient, but during a blood transfusion or organ transplant. .
“It’s no joke at all, not at all. First of all, it doesn’t leave much immunity, on the contrary, it leaves a predisposition for about 20 types of tumors. Infectious mononucleosis gives liver damage and enlargement of the spleen and liver in 30 percent of cases, probably this was the reason why the sportswoman was not allowed to make an effort. It is a more complicated disease than her popular name might suggest “, explained Minerva Stanciu, pediatrician.
She said that infectious mononucleosis also affects children who go to nursery or kindergarten, but at such a young age the manifestations of the disease are much milder. However, it is a disease specific to high school students, the transmission of the virus being done by saliva transfer, especially during kissing. The doctor said that in adults, “the disease has a serious evolution. The problem is in the diagnosis, because at an advanced age it is harder to think about such a thing.”
It does not have a one hundred percent effective treatment
Mononucleosis does not have a 100 percent effective treatment, says the doctor, and antibiotics are not effective in treating this disease. It is recommended to rest for the patient, high fluid intake, and treatment to relieve symptoms: fever, skin rash, sore throat, etc.
Doctors recommend avoiding contact with another person’s saliva, so as not to contact the disease. If it is harder to give up kissing, then it is good not to use someone else’s toothbrush, share glasses, cutlery and it is even good to avoid eating food from the same plate with several people. In the case of young children, it is recommended that they do not come into contact with toys used by another child.
The specific symptoms of the disease are common with those of a cold: fatigue, fever, sore throat, loss of appetite, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes. The specific symptom of infectious mononucleosis is swelling of the liver (including jaundice) and spleen, but also skin eczema.
However, the infection can lead to serious complications, especially in adults with a weakened immune system or who have other chronic conditions.
Physical exertion in case of diagnosis with “kissing disease” should be avoided for at least a month, precisely because the liver suffers during infection with Epstein-Barr virus.
Source: Breaking News – Cele mai importante stiri – Ziare.com by ziare.com.
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