The hair is constantly renewed, in some periods, especially in autumn and spring, we can experience more intense hair loss. A problem arises when no new hair grows at the site of the lost hairs, so a continuous decrease in the hair crown is observed. About the causes of hair loss and treatment options dr. Ildikó Vincze, a dermatologist and cosmetologist at Dermatica, will provide information.
It can also indicate illness
Among women, thinning of the hairs is a common phenomenon after the menopausal period, so the weight of the previously lush hair is significantly reduced. Hair loss is strongly influenced by hereditary factors, but can also be caused by certain diseases such as thyroid problems or gynecological complaints. Hair loss can also occur as a side effect of the drug, but it can also be caused by inflammatory processes in the body, such as dental or gingivitis. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies and fungal infections of the scalp can also cause severe hair loss.
It can also be triggered by stress and weight loss
An important stage in the detection of the factors that cause increased hair loss is the examination of the hair and scalp, but it is just as important to interview the patient – explains dr. Ildikó Vincze. If no signs of inflammation, infection, or other abnormalities are visible externally, information from the patient may also assist in making the diagnosis. Discussing the complaints may reveal that the patient is just beyond a more stressful period, or the hair loss may be linked to the start of an intensive weight loss program. After that, if necessary, further tests can be performed in a targeted manner. Blood test and microscopic analysis of hair on the causes of hair loss, the so-called trichogram examination can also reveal a lot.
Hair loss is treated according to the identified causes. Based on the dermatological examination, the specialist will always recommend the most optimal therapy for us, which may be medication or the use of various topical preparations. The treatment is lengthy due to the growth cycles of the hair, its effect can be measured in an average of 3-6 months. Its success depends on the individual, and in some cases, such as inherited predisposition, the process can usually only be slowed down.
Hair loss due to medication, stress, or hair damage — hair dyes, hair straighteners, too tight and frequent combing of the hair — usually disappears by leaving the root causes, and after a while, the hair becomes rich again. Postpartum hair loss is a natural process, with no other lesions in the background, complaints usually resolve within two to six months. If there is a hormonal abnormality in the background of hair loss, the results of endocrinological examinations will determine the treatment options.
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