Almost two thirds of citizens want to independently produce electricity from renewable sources, while 45% of them are interested in state subsidies, showed the research of the Center for Environmental Improvement on the situation, needs and attitudes of the citizens of Serbia in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
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Also, more than one third of the respondents are not at all familiar with state subsidies for the introduction of renewable energy sources in households.
Renewable energy sources for water heating, heating or cooling are used by only 3.8% of households, mostly solar energy, while geothermal energy is used by less than one percent of respondents.
Citizens of Serbia most often use their own central heating for heating, 32.5% of them, district heating via heating plants (31.7%) and electrical appliances (15.7%). Solid fuel stoves are still a very present type of heating and are almost five times more common in the countryside than in the city, the research showed.
When we exclude respondents who use district heating through heating plants, the most commonly used energy sources for household heating are electricity (41.5%) and wood (29.3%), followed by gas (12.9%), wood biomass (12.3%) and coal (3.4%), while only 0.6% of households for heating uses energy obtained from renewable sources.
Electricity is used three times more in cities than in rural areas, where the use of firewood predominates, while coal as a heating energy source is much more present in rural areas than in the city, mostly in Southern and Eastern Serbia.
Over 50% of respondents living in a home cite lack of money as the reason why they did not implement some of the energy efficiency measures, and among the respondents who live in an apartment in a house, that percentage is 38.5%, while among those who live in a residential building, it is only 14.2%.
Research has shown that There is a great interest of citizens to improve the energy efficiency of their households, to get involved in the production of electricity from renewable energy sources, as well as to have a high awareness of the seriousness of the challenges of climate change.
The research was conducted in August 2021 and involved a total of 504 respondents from all over Serbia, and the project “Energy of Change” is implemented by the Center for Environmental Improvement in cooperation with Klima101, within the project of the Belgrade Open School “Green Incubator”, with financial support from the EU and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation.
Source: Gradjevinarstvo.rs – VESTI by www.gradjevinarstvo.rs.
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