Coughs, runny nose and sore throats often go away on their own, but home remedies for colds can help and gently alleviate the symptoms. What helps against a flu-like infection and strengthens the immune system?
There are no cures or vaccinations for the common cold. These are not even necessary, because the body usually gets along well on its own. The fact that he actively fights the cold virus is shown by the typical symptoms of a flu-like infection, including fever, runny nose, cough, ear and sore throat. Home remedies cannot cure a cold, but they can help make the symptoms more bearable. They also support the immune system to overcome the disease more quickly.
Article content at a glance:
The most important home remedy for a cold: rest and sleep
The top priority with a bad cold: Lots of sleep! Our body expresses the increased need for rest through tiredness, exhaustion and exhaustion. Physical exertion, but also stressful situations in general, should now be avoided. If the cold really broke out, you should call in sick at work and stay at home. In this way, the organism can focus its energy on fighting pathogens.
As a rule, flu-like cures are cured after a few days to a maximum of two weeks. Anyone who does not feel comfortable with a cold not only risks that the symptoms will last longer, there is also a risk of secondary diseases, including myocarditis and pneumonia.
Home remedies for a cold: drink, drink, drink!
Adequate hydration is a simple but effective home remedy for treating a cold. First, you often sweat more during a flu-like infection, for example due to increased body temperature. Second, the mucous membranes, which fulfill an important defense function, have to be kept moist – this only works if enough fluid is absorbed. Water is always suitable for this.
Hot drinks have an additional positive effect: The heat stimulates the blood circulation and supports the body in the fight against the cold viruses. Popular home remedies are hot lemon with ginger and teas made from:
Since chamomile has a somewhat drying effect, it is better to switch to other ingredients if you have a dry cough and sore throat.
Chicken broth is also recommended now: it provides warmth, contains many minerals (e.g. zinc) and provides the body with plenty of fluids.
Fresh air: home remedies for a cold
Regular ventilation reduces the virus density in the room and thus the risk of infection for others. In addition, a regular supply of fresh air increases the humidity and thus protects the sensitive mucous membranes from drying out and further irritation. The humidity of a room can also be easily increased by hanging up wet laundry. This is also a tried and tested home remedy for dry coughs.
Cough, runny nose, sore throat: colds are extremely annoying. Which home remedies work quickly and gently?
If the cold symptoms are no longer as severe, you can also take short walks to get some fresh air. Moderate exercise also has a positive effect on the circulatory system.
Inhalation, compresses, vitamins: an overview of other home remedies for colds
The healing process of a cold can be supported with many other home remedies:
Inhalieren: For damp mucous membranes, against blocked noses and coughs: you add essential oils or alternatively one or two knife points tiger balm to hot water and inhale the vapors. The inhalation of salt water vapors is also effective. But be careful: do not overdose on the additives! Otherwise the already irritated airways will be stressed and cough will be promoted rather than relieved.
Wrap can be used in many ways as home remedies for colds: Wraps are cold or warm, they help, for example, against fever, sore throat, ear and body aches.
A Cold bath is especially useful at the first signs of a cold: It may prevent the outbreak of the disease. You can even easily make additions yourself. If the flu infection is just underway, it is better not to take a cold bath: the intense heat also weakens the body.
Also a Foot bath can prevent the onset of colds. A warm mustard meal foot bath and a soaring foot bath are particularly effective against flu-like infections. Then you should lie down for 30 minutes if possible and keep your body and feet warm.
Tiger balm and mint oil have a particular strength: the active ingredient menthol relieves headaches that often occur with flu-like infections. Gently rub the oil or balm on the temples, so that the essential oils can develop their effect.
Nasal irrigation: A runny nose is a useful cold symptom. Diseased cells are transported out of the body with the draining mucus. This process can be supported by nasal rinsing or a saline nasal spray. You shouldn’t fight a runny nose, however. If it is completely blocked, you can try to clear the sinuses by inhaling.
If you have a stubborn cold and, above all, a blocked nose, you can hardly think of a good night’s sleep. Medicines such as nasal decongestant sprays are recommended if you cannot breathe well at night and sleep is slow. However, they should not be used for more than a week. It can also help to keep your head as high as possible at night.
Eating healthy: A balanced diet provides the body with all the nutrients that it urgently needs now.
Whether as a sachet for earache or a wrap against a sore throat – the onion is an all-round talent among home remedies for colds. Her juice is often used against coughs: one with it onion Squeeze out and drink in small sips mixed with a little honey.
Oil pulling: With the oil treatment, germs are bound and transported out of the body. This prevents bacteria from settling in the airways – the likelihood of an additional bacterial infection (superinfection) is reduced. This is how it works: in the morning before brushing your teeth, put a tablespoon of oil with a mild, pleasant taste (for example sunflower, rapeseed or coconut oil) in your mouth, move it back and forth and pull it through the spaces between the teeth. The oil must not be swallowed! Perform the procedure for 15 to 20 minutes. Then the oil, which has now taken on a whitish color, is spit out – please not into the sink, but preferably onto a kitchen towel, which is disposed of with the residual waste.
Alcohol and nicotine should now be avoided. Pleasure poisons put additional strain on the weakened immune system and sometimes prolong the duration of the common cold. In addition, alcohol causes poor, unrestful sleep and thus counteracts the body’s increased need for rest.
Unfortunately, there are also alleged home remedies for colds, which are not advisable: sauna visits are useful to prevent infections, but stress the organism unnecessarily during a flu-like infection. Warm beer is also not recommended due to the alcohol content. You can read about other famous misconceptions about colds and how to treat them here.
Home remedies have their limits when it comes to a cold
Colds are usually mild and can be easily cured with the help of home remedies or over-the-counter medicines from the pharmacy. However, if a high fever occurs and symptoms worsen instead of getting better after the third to fifth day, medical advice should be sought: This may be a superinfection that requires antibiotic treatment.
Infographic: Important home remedies for a cold at a glance
Source: Lifeline | Das Gesundheitsportal by www.lifeline.de.
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