06/24/2020 – The buildings must become increasingly interconnected with the surrounding environment, communicate thanks to advanced technological systems and contribute to the decarbonisation of the economy.
These are the precautions provided by the D.lgs. 48/2020, which has implemented in the Italian legal system the Directive 2018/844 / UE on energy efficiency in construction and amended the Legislative Decree 192/2005 on energy performance in construction.
Home automation and smart systems
In order to improve the energy performance of buildings, automation and control systems must be envisaged in new buildings and in those undergoing major renovation.
These systems, including products, software and technical services, through automatic control, contribute to the safe, economic and energy-efficient operation of the equipment and systems present in buildings, also facilitating manual control activities.
By the January 1, 2025, if technically and economically feasible, in buildings non-residential equipped with heating systems with a rated power greater than 290 kW, automation and control systems will be installed.
The presence of these smart systems allows the building to reach one better energy performance.
Energy performance of buildings and sustainable mobility
In new construction or major renovation works, the new decree provides for the installation or preparation of another type of system that has not been required until now by the energy performance standards. These are the charging stations for electric vehicles, which, given the push towards sustainable mobility and the spread of electric cars, will have to spread more and more.
in non-residential buildings, equipped with more than ten parking spaces, a must be installed charging point and the installation is ready for a charging point for every five parking spaces. In buildings residentialinstead, each parking space in the internal or adjacent car parks must be prepared for the installation of charging stations.
The new obligation does not apply to small and medium enterprises, to buildings for which the demand for permission to build is submitted by March 10, 2021, to areas where the stability of the local network may be jeopardized by the necessary canalization infrastructures and to buildings where the cost of installation exceeds the cost of the building renovation by 7%.