Television has been a revolutionary device since its inception and the evolution of the device has managed to adapt to all times, from the Second World War to the Digital Revolution in which we are immersed.
Television has become one more tool in our routine, but the truth is that it has not been around so much. The first apparatus considered television appeared in 1928 under the name Octagon and it used a disk technology that sent images to its 3-inch screen. It had no chain production and issued what is considered the first television drama series: “The Queen’s Messenger.” Although before this device there were several attempts to broadcast moving images, both unsuccessful and successful.
Since television was discovered, a number of technological advances and industrial bets have taken place. It is a device known worldwide, but few know that it is defined as a device that operates as a terminal for receiving information sent by cable, satellite or Herzian waves, commonly known as pixels.
Background to television
It is not unknown that Before the development of television, other types of electronic and technological devices came to the world. These formed an important part in defining what we know today as television, since they are intertwined in one way or another.
Photography and film
In the 19th century, the image was preserved and put into motion. Photography had managed to immortalize moments And, with research and innovation, these immortalizations took shape so that, at the end of the century, they were reproduced in a series of photographs that followed one another with moving characters giving rise to the cinema.
One of the great discoveries of the 19th century was the ability to transmit the human voice encoded in electrical impulses. Antonio Meucci was the first inventor of this revealing device, although Graham Bell, in 1876, was the one who managed to popularize it.
Finally, we have the quintessential device from the turn of the century. The transmission of electromagnetic waves by manipulating electric fields was made possible by Maxwell Hertz, Tesla, and Marconi. The development of this device changed the way of life of people, which managed to be informed almost in real time.
Origins of television
As we have already mentioned, the first device considered television was born in 1928, although before this date there were several failed attempts. The technology discovered in 1925, which tried to synchronize two Nipkow discs, was used in the first television broadcasts. In 1925 the first successful television experience took place. The innovation came by itself since then and has developed improvements in the device that have ended in what we now know.
The first device to be marketed as television was radios that had a neon tube behind a Nipkow disk, which produced the image the size of a postage stamp. In 1931 the iconoscope was invented, an electric tube that made it possible to replace all other television systems, thanks to an electronic mosaic made up of thousands of independent photoelectric cells in three thin layers. It was a revolutionary moment because electric television appeared.
Later the sray tube system. With this new discovery, achieve better resolutions and speeds. It was the work of Telefunken in Germany, although the major powers were quick to plagiarize the format. During the Second World War, television devices had already been sold on a massive scale, both in the United Kingdom and in Germany. Although at that time, it was practically wealthy people who could afford a television in their home.
It was after the war in the mid-20th century, when the golden age of television truly began. Broadcast stations sprang up in each country and Eurovision was created in 1953 to connect European countries. There was the same attempt to make it global, but “Mundovisión” was not so successful.
From the beginning it had been planned that television would have color in its images, but this wish did not come true until long after its commercial launch. The Field Sequential System was the first successful case of color in television images, created in 1948. Even so, the system was not massively adapted until 1950, when it began to give the novelty to already sold televisions. In the 70s all televisions had color, although monochromatic ones did not disappear completely.
The rapid evolution of television
Sooner or later, every home in the world welcomed television with open arms. The radio, the device par excellence for information, went into the background and was replaced. In addition, the information gave a drastic change with the appearance of television in terms of immediacy, as well as a higher power and greater responsibility to the media.
With the advent of space technology and satellites, television once again made a 180 degree turn as its distribution became much simpler, more agile, faster and more effective. In addition, foreign programming was also possible thanks to this new phenomenon, although they required the installation of satellite dishes on the roof of buildings.
Starting in 1980, the digital revolution also affected television, a device that was expelled towards digitization. The new technological era allowed greater data transmission capacity, better resolution and the use of the processing power of the computerized world. In this way, digitization reached the production of video, as well as its transmission, both by satellite, cable and terrestrial radio frequencies.
With the arrival of the new millennium, they began to commercialize LCD televisions, thinner and with higher resolution. Sharpness, color range, artificial intelligence, internet connection, 3D technology and 8K resolution were some new elements that made television even more present in the routine of each family.
It is a device that has adapted to new times and the digital revolution in an extraordinary way. It has met expectations and met our needs for this device. One of the last great television revolutions was the popularization of Smart TV, with 100% color volume to reproduce an image at 4K resolution and wireless connection together with a particularly careful design. Although its objective and function have not changed over the years: to inform, communicate and entertain.
This concept translates into the implementation of other types of devices and screens that are gaining popularity, especially among the youngest. Television has ceased to be the protagonist, or rather, it has begun to share the limelight with our Smartphones and tablets, giving rise to multi-screen habits.
In summary, since television saw the light, its design has been modified towards a rectangular format and the furniture shape of televisions has been eliminated. The screens have been flattened and a much higher image quality has been passed along with quality sound. Some experts point out that the future of televisions will go through rollable screens and higher resolution, as well as rotating screens to view the content vertically. The future is always uncertain, but innovation and technology will soon make it present.
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