Health notifies eight cases of acute childhood hepatitis of unknown origin

The Ministry of Health has confirmed eight cases of acute hepatitis of unknown origin that affects children under 10 years of age, and also reports five classified as probable. Those infected are concentrated in Madrid, Catalonia -2 of them-, Andalusia, Castilla-La Mancha and Aragón, although according to Health reports, they are not related to each other. All evolve favorably, except one of them, who has needed a liver transplant.

According to the Coordination Center for Health Alerts and Emergencies (CCAES) in a communiquéthe registration of those infected has been carried out after two alerts from the WHO and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) from the United Kingdom, which totals 108 infections.

As for those infected in Spain, confirmed through coordinated monitoring with the autonomous communities, one of them had previously traveled to the United Kingdom, and another has tested positive for adenovirus – a type of common virus. These are three boys and five girls aged between 18 months and 7 years, specifies the CCAES document. The minors began to show symptoms between January 2 and March 24 of this year, such as abdominal pain, vomiting or jaundice (yellow coloration of the skin).

Initially, the United Kingdom reported 10 cases of this infection in previously healthy children to the WHO on April 5. After a nationwide study, the cases rose to 74 a few days later, and as of April 20, these infections have risen to 108. In the identified cases, laboratory tests excluded all hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D and E), 87% of them were children between 1 and 5 years old, eight of them have required liver transplantation and none have died. The CCAES collects in its report that one of the possible causes of the disease that the Anglo-Saxon country is investigating is that they are related to an adenovirus infection, although other possible origins are also studied, such as some types of coronavirus.

At the moment, Health continues to assess whether these reported infections “represent an unusual increase in cases of unknown hepatitis” compared to previous years, and report that an “exhaustive questionnaire” is being applied to find the origin of the disease.

Source: – by

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