Recently, many children have been infected with the so-called hand-foot-mouth disease, which is accompanied by fever and red, blister-like rashes on the body surfaces that give the disease its name, i.e. on the palms and pads of the fingers, the soles and between the toes, the roof of the mouth, the gums and on the tongue, but it can also appear on the cheekbones.
The initial red spots later become ulcerated and therefore painful, and may take weeks to completely disappear. Because of the painful blisters in the mouth, children may also refuse to eat and drink, making it harder for their bodies to cope with the disease, and they may even be at risk of dehydration.
It typically spreads among children of nursery and preschool age, in a kindergarten in Pest county there is a group of children who had to be closed because almost all the children were infected. At the same time, several parents reported that they also caught the disease from their little one, which passed through the whole family. Parents can catch it even without symptomsbut becoming carriers, they can still pass the infection on to other children.
“The disease usually occurs in children under the age of 5, it occurs less often in schoolchildren and adults, but in my practice I have several schoolchildren who have caught it. The disease is also more likely to occur among childcare workers. If it appears in a community, it is expected that it will appear in several children” said the For riposte dr. Tamás Bense pediatrician.
The disease is most contagious during the first week after symptoms appear, and is contagious as long as there is fluid in the blisters. The disease spreads from person to person with this wound discharge or nasal and throat secretions, i.e. coughing and sneezing, medically known as droplet infection. The disease can be caught repeatedly, even several times. The incubation period of the infection is 3–6 days. In many cases, fever is the first sign, followed by sore throat, loss of appetite and malaise.
What causes hand, foot and mouth disease?
The most common cause of hand-foot-mouth disease is type A16 of the Coxsackie virus, which belongs to the group of enteroviruses that do not cause polio. This pathogen is not the same as the virus that is responsible for often fatal foot and mouth disease in pets. Also different is hand and foot syndrome, which causes swelling of the hands and feet. Hand, foot and mouth disease is similar to chicken pox, but the rashes appear all over the body. Very rarely, the Coxsackie virus can enter the brain, where it can cause serious complications, including meningitis or encephalitis. The virus is also present in the feces, and can remain there for weeks. Therefore, you must wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet or changing diapers.
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Source: Napidoktor by napidoktor.hu.
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