Half of the victims are known to the perpetrator’s family

Illustrative image for the article Best practices in human trafficking: Half of the victims are known or the perpetrator's family

They use various methods, from coercion, psychological coercion to violence, to force the victim to do the work.

They use various methods, from coercion, psychological coercion to violence, to force the victim to do the work.

Illustrative image for the article Best practices in human trafficking: Half of the victims are known or the perpetrator's family

Last year, for the first time in Slovakia, they recorded a child perpetrator of human trafficking. He was a 15-year-old boy who committed crime with his father.

In total, last year, police investigated 28 cases of human trafficking, accusing 33 in 15. The majority were Slovaks, one accused was a Romanian and one accused was a Polish. This follows from the Situation Report for the area of ​​combating trafficking in human beings in the Slovak Republic for 2020.

Sexual exploitation

The perpetrators acted mostly in pairs or individually, in three cases they registered a group. More often it was about men than women. The case of a father with a son is the only one when the sex within the couple was the same. “Women were perpetrators or accomplices, especially in cases of sexual exploitation and forced marriage. With the exception of two women, only men were perpetrators of forced begging in 2020. “ the report approached.

In about half of the cases, the recruiters were known or were family members of the victim. The recruitment took place mainly through personal contact.

Bestial tactics

In trafficking in human beings, perpetrators abuse the poor social conditions of victims and their families in particular. “Victims are promised high earnings from work in their home country or well-paid work abroad, or they cheat the victim with the promise of performing another type of work. Ultimately, however, they are forced to do other work and under different conditions. “ describes the report.

They use various methods to force the victim to work, from coercion, psychological coercion to violence, battle, denial of food and basic hygiene, threats or the administration of narcotics and psychotropic substances.

Where relevant, the police also conduct financial investigations against perpetrators. “In general, however, known criminals use our profits from the commission of their crime on an ongoing basis for their own use.” states in the report.

Conviction

At the level of prosecutor’s offices, according to the data of the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Slovak Republic, 25 perpetrators of trafficking in human beings were prosecuted in 2020 and 14 people were accused. No guilt and punishment agreement was reached with any of the perpetrators in 2020. Compared to 2019, this is more than half the decrease in reported prosecuted and convicted persons.

The courts have lawfully closed six cases in which ten people have been lawfully convicted. Three valid convictions concerned forced begging, two sexual exploitation and one forced marriage of a child.

Victims of human trafficking

A total of 62 victims of human trafficking were identified last year. There were 27 men and 35 women, 16 of them children. Slovakia continued to be the country of origin of the victims, ie the source country. For the third year in a row, however, they have also seen an increase in identified victims recruited and exploited in Slovakia.

The situation report was prepared by the Information Center for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Crime Prevention of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic in cooperation with the National Unit for Combating Illegal Migration of the Border and Alien Police Office of the Presidium of the Police Force.

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Source: TASR

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