Neuralink develops a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) chip that serves as an interface to control the brain. They plan to use this to develop neural prostheses that can treat brain and central nervous system diseases. Musk also wants to augment the human brain in response to advances in artificial intelligence. This is because humans transmit 10 bits per second, or 100 bits per second at the fastest, whereas computers communicate at gigabit and terabit speeds. Musk called this “a fundamental limitation that must be addressed to mitigate the long-term risks of AI.”
The brain wave chip of Neuralink appears in this passage. It acts as a “fitbit in your head.” The device, which is 5 microns in diameter and has up to 1,024 wires, is implanted in the patient’s brain and connects to surrounding neurons. Through this, the brain’s electrical wavelengths can be examined at high resolution. Theoretically, the neural chip is responsible for translating analog electrical signals into digital computer code. As reported by Engadget, Neuralink has so far implemented steps that allow monkeys to play table tennis without a joystick.
The American Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine also accused the animal experiment of animal cruelty, but Neuralink denied the allegation. However, it did concede that the monkeys died in the BCI chip implantation experiment conducted at the University of California’s Primate Center.
In addition, Neuralink is still not approved by the US FDA for chip implantation, despite being designated by the FDA as a Breakthrough Device Program in July 2020. When it comes to neural prosthetics, competitor Synchron is one step ahead. In July, medical staff at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York successfully implanted a 1.5-inch synchronous device into an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patient. The patient has lost the ability to move and communicate on his own. The neural prosthesis is used to translate the patient’s thoughts into computer instructions, allowing the patient to surf the Internet and send text messages.
Source: ITWorld Korea by www.itworld.co.kr.
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