Several malware samples for macOS emerged last year, demonstrating once again that Apple operating systems, while better protected from attacks than Windows, are not immune. For the sixth consecutive year, security researcher Patrick Wardle publishes list of all new malware for Mac that appeared during the year. In 2021, it was replenished with eight new positions.
Wardle’s List is intended to give security professionals a more complete understanding of malware targeting macOS. The researcher determines the methods of infection, installation mechanisms, purpose and other characteristics of the malware. His work is especially important as the use of Apple devices by organizations grew by 76%, according to surveys.
According to Wardle, in 2021 there were eight new malware samples targeting macOS. These include ElectroRAT, a cross-platform remote access Trojan first spotted last January; Silver Sparrow – a tool aimed directly at the Apple M1 chip; cross-platform password thief XLoader and OSX.CDDS or MacMa – spyware, the creation of which is attributed to government agencies. Each of the viruses has been detected by different cybersecurity companies.
Other malicious products Wardle described in the 2021 list are XcodeSpy, which targets Xcode developers with a backdoor called EggShell; ElectrumStealer, a cryptocurrency mining tool that Apple inadvertently digitally signed; WildPressure, a cross-platform Python backdoor discovered by Kaspersky Lab and ZuRu, is a data-stealing tool that spread through advertising search results on the Chinese search engine Baidu.
Thus, the macOS malware detected in 2021 can be divided into several categories: cryptominers, adware downloaders, data thieves, and Trojans.
Security researchers note that there is still a misconception that Macs are nearly immune to malware infections, unlike Windows machines. Apple computers do have some security benefits, but these have become insignificant lately. This is because malware increasingly targets the browser rather than the operating system. Cybercriminals are increasingly creating cross-platform, OS-independent applications.
According to security researchers, in 2021, attackers demonstrated their knowledge of the macOS structure and went into much more effort to create malware targeting Apple devices. They actively looked for zero-day vulnerabilities and successfully exploited them. It is noted that this trend requires more attention from organizations to computers running macOS. Cybersecurity teams must begin to align their technical knowledge of Apple platforms with that of other platforms to be able to identify malicious behavior and attacks.
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Source: 3DNews – все новости сайта by 3dnews.ru.
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