One third of the most common air destinations in the EU have an alternative to a train that is shorter than six hours, and banning such flights would save the release of 3.5 million tons of carbon dioxide, according to a Greenpeace study published today, which calls for a radical change of transport.

The non-governmental organization assessed the reduction of air traffic as “necessary”, in order to limit the climate warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and called for the strengthening of railway traffic.

Flights shorter than 1,500 kilometers account for a quarter of European airspace emissions, states that NGO in a study commissioned by the OBC Transeuropa Institute.

According to the study, 51 of the 150 most frequent short flights in the European Union (without island connections), ie 34%, already have a railway alternative that is shorter than six hours.

The three most common connections in the EU are Paris-Toulouse, Paris-Nice and Athens-Thessaloniki.

The railway alternative, shorter than four hours, has 21 lines, including some international ones such as Amsterdam-Paris, Amsterdam-Frankfurt, Brussels-Frankfurt and Paris-Frankfurt, the report said.

“It emits 10 times more carbon dioxide equivalent when traveling from Paris to Amsterdam than by train, and that journey can be done by train in less than three and a half hours,” Sara Fajol, in charge, said in a statement. for the Transport campaign in Greenpeace France.

She said that the reduction of air traffic is inevitable in order to fulfill the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and the abolition of short flights is the first step in that direction, although it would not lead to the full fulfillment of the goals of that agreement.

The world air sector emitted 900 million tons of carbon dioxide in 2019, which is about 2.5 percent of world emissions.

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