A new report by Legambiente and Enel X points to decarbonizzazione of the port infrastructures, paying particular attention to the cold ironing, a set of technologies that make it possible to drastically reduce ship emissions in ports thanks to the connection to the electricity grid present on the mainland.
Not only road transport but also the maritime transport it can inevitably contribute to the tackling climate change thanks to technologies that allow electrify naval energy consumption in ports, together with the consumption of logistics and land port activities. It is important to reiterate, in fact, as well as the maritime sector is responsible for 2.5% of global CO2 emissions, with estimates increasing between 50 and 250% by 2050.
Not surprisingly, the naval sector is inevitably linked to that of ports, which thanks to the various technological advances can take the path of electrification. In this regard, the report by Legambiente and Enel X focuses on fuels for decarbonizzazione of naval transport and the prospect of its electrification. According to Legambiente they are you are the key points which must be given priority in the course of 2021.
The electrification of maritime transport and land logistics is a necessary step to give a further boost to the energy transition process underway in other industrial sectors, said Carlo Tamburi, director of Enel Italia. Enel has embarked on the path of progressive decarbonisation of its activities thanks to investments in the production of energy from renewable sources, in the digitization of networks and electrification of consumption; choices that have sustainability as their common denominator, a pillar of the company’s business strategy. In line with this philosophy, we presented today the study carried out in collaboration with Legambiente which shows how cold ironing is not only a winning choice in terms of reducing climate-altering emissions, but also an opportunity for innovation and industrial growth for the entire Italian maritime sector.
In order to strengthen e make it more sustainable the Italian port system, the Italian environmental association starts from the importance of definition of an electricity tariff dedicated to cold ironing which can make it competitive with respect to the use of on-board engines. Of further importance is theintroduction of public financing or co-financing schemes to accelerate the transition of the Italian port system towards sustainability, together with theidentification of priority interventions on the port system so as to start the electrification process. Furthermore, among the key points, the promotion ofelectrification of port consumption with renewable sources and the development of a special one roadmap national which provides for the electrification of the entire port system. Finally, the development of railway infrastructure in ports and the interconnections with the network so as to favor the electric and rail transport for long and medium distances. If these measures were implemented, they could therefore contribute to the strengthening of the entire Italian system, leading to innovation in the management of sustainability, as well as to the reduction of pollution deriving from maritime transport.
The time has come to invest in cold ironing, a technology that is now mature, and to strengthen connections with the railway network to create low-carbon freight transport chains, said the national vice president of Legambiente, Edoardo Zanchini.
The route to be followed must therefore aim at innovation, digitization of port logistics systems, energy efficiency of the ports, renewables and electrification of consumption. However, according to Legambiente and Enel X, the qualification for the so-called cold ironing gods 39 Italian ports of the TEN-T network it would avoid the burning of over 635 thousand tons of marine diesel each year. Not surprisingly, this result could also be optimized by greater integration between ports and the railway network itself.
Source: Tom's Hardware by www.tomshw.it.
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