Gooseberry (Ribes Uva-crispa) is a berry shrub belonging to the genus Currants. The gooseberry bush is durable and easy to care for. Depending on the variety, it thrives in Finland in growth zone I – V.
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Gooseberry blooms in May-June with the smallest reddish or yellowish-green each.
Gooseberry should be planted in a bright place. The medium should be deep-soiled, fluffy, nutritious and permeable soil.
In clay soils, growth can be painful and the shrub susceptible to plant diseases. In too sandy soil, the berries may shake raw.
The gooseberry bush can grow even on a slope, but nutrient intake is more secure on the plains.
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The prickly, knotty and slow-growing gooseberry grows into a shrub 0.5 to 1 meter tall. A suitable planting distance is two meters, in a fence one meter.
Bare-rooted seedlings are planted 10 to 15 centimeters deeper in spring or autumn. The seedlings are cut to a length of 15 to 20 centimeters. Pot seedlings can be planted throughout the summer to their former depth.
New seedling from an old bush
New seedlings can be obtained by bending the long branch against the ground in early spring and fixing it with a twig hook or supporting it with stone with soil. The rooted branch is cut off from the mother the following spring and planted in its place of growth.
The gooseberry bush can be limed and fertilized with berry fertilizer in the spring. In the autumn, after the harvest, the berry bush can be given autumn fertilizer.
Gooseberry makes a large root system, which makes it drought tolerant slightly better than currant.
Weeds easily spread in the area of the roots of the gooseberry bush, as the small leaves of the bush do not shade the area enough. Carefully weed out any weeds growing at the base of the shrub during the planting phase. After planting, a cover can be applied to the root to prevent weed growth. The cover also promotes growth when moisture remains at the roots of the plant.
Cutting of a gooseberry bush
Gooseberries don’t need to be trimmed every year, and it’s a good idea to trim them just a little at a time. The best time to prune is in the spring, before the start of growth.
If necessary, remove dried and damaged shoots from the berry bush, as well as branches that are depressed in the ground and do not produce well.
Depending on the variety, the berries can be yellow, yellow-green or red. The ripening time of the berries varies according to the variety. Gooseberry tastes best with a hint of raw. Ripe berries are supple but not too soft.
When harvesting and preserving berries, it is worth noting that gooseberries continue to ripen even after picking.
Light gooseberry varieties taste sweeter, dark ones more sour. Old, good gooseberry varieties are Hinnomäki yellow and Lepa red.
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Source: Puutarha – Kotiliesi.fi by kotiliesi.fi.
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