Easter is the greatest feast of Christianity, the “feast of feasts” (sollemnitas sollemnitatum). This year, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday are celebrated on April 17 and 18 by Western Christian churches.
According to the teachings of the Christian churches, Easter is a celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and with it the redemption of mankind. It is dated the first Sunday after the lunar month after the spring equinox (that is, between March 22 and April 25), according to the decision of the first Council of Nicea in 325, to which all so-called moving feasts of the church year vary.
The Christian feast grew out of the Feast of the Old Testament, the fulfillment of this foreshadowing according to the Christian teaching, the transition of Jesus Christ from death to the resurrected life. Jesus was condemned to death before the Jewish Passover by Pontius Pilate, crucified on Good Friday, and appeared to his disciples at dawn on Sunday.
The feast is prepared by a forty-day period of fasting from Ash Wednesday to Good Saturday, the central liturgy of which is the evening vigil of Easter (vigilia paschalis). Then they celebrate the victory of light over darkness, the victory of life over sin and death, in which crucifixion and resurrection are intertwined. The Easter candle dedicated to the Sabbath day symbolizes the risen Savior as the light of the world. From Maundy Saturday to Pentecost, the ancient hymn of the Regina coeli (Queen of Heaven) is sung in the Catholic Church under the morning, noon, and evening bells instead of the Angelus prayer.
On Easter Sunday, a solemn Mass and worship service is held in the Christian church with a sacrament. On the day of the resurrection, at the feast of St. Peter’s Square in Rome, the pope recounts his traditional Easter message and the apostolic blessing of Urbi et Orbi (addressed to the city, i.e. Rome and the world).
The name Easter refers to the end of the fasting period, because then meat can be eaten again. Part of the Easter Sunday ceremony is the blessing of Easter food (lamb or ham, cake, eggs, wine). After the consecration, the believers hurried home because, according to folklore, the backward would die that year, while the first to return home would be the first to reap. The remnants of the consecrated food were attributed magic power: the eggshells were sprinkled on the crop, placed in the nest of the digger or sprinkled with it, so as not to cause hail or nail damage.
Watering is a common custom for Easter Monday and the reward is the gift of painted eggs. Watering is based on a belief in the purifying power of water, a fertility wizard. The egg with the bird that emerges from it symbolizes the rebirth of Jesus, the folk belief that life, the red-shed blood of Jesus. The sprinkling poem and the sprinkling with the cologne later spread, as did the image of the Easter rabbit who brought the gift. The rabbit is also a symbol of fertility and the cyclical renewal of life, but the tale of the rabbit that bestows children can only be traced back to the 16th century. Easter Monday used to be called a watering, watering Monday, referring to the habit of watering. The day was one of the most important occasions for the fun of young girls and bachelors, it was a real spring holiday with fun spent outdoors. Easter balls were held across the country.
We are celebrating Good Friday
Good Friday is the Friday before Easter; on this day we commemorate Jesus ’suffering and then crucifixion. At this point, according to the Catholic Church, Jesus himself presents the sacrifice, so there is no complete Mass, only a liturgy, which the priest presents in red attire, symbolizing martyrdom.
This day is the quietest day of the church year when Christians remember the suffering, death, and burial of Jesus. On this day, Mass is not presented in Catholic churches because it is itself “Eternal High Priest, Christ is the Sacrifice on the Altar of the Cross” – can be read in the communication of the Hungarian Catholic Episcopal Conference (MKPK) sent to MTI. The Good Friday ceremony, the so-called truncated Mass, consists of three main parts: the liturgy, the worship before the cross, and the Holy Communion.
In the liturgy of the word, the passion, the story of Jesus ’suffering, is read or sung. The sermon and the supplication of the faithful are followed by the worship before the cross: the faithful kiss the crucifix and kneel before it. The ordinance ends with sacrifice after the narration of our Father and the Lamb of God. The churches are cruised in the afternoon. The crossroads will help us understand the drama of history and reassure believers that death is not the last word, that the resurrection will follow Good Friday, good, love will triumph over evil, hatred, they wrote.
On this day, the Catholic Church demands a strict fast from the faithful, those between the ages of 18 and 60 can eat and live well up to three times, and from the age of 14 they must also refrain from eating meat. Believers express their love for Jesus, they added.
Source: Napidoktor by napidoktor.hu.
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