Go or stop – Car Engine

The answer to this question is not easy. There are arguments and counter-arguments, but no one can express a clear opinion. Experts ’statements provide some clues as to what to adjust to, what the car should do if he continues to drive, and what if he stops his car in the winter.
One of the conditions for winter shutdown is indoor storage. However, the vast majority of motorists do not have a garage or even the opportunity to get their car through the winter in a sheltered but uncovered place.
We are now speaking to three professionals who will give their views on anything the carer might be interested in about driving or stopping in the winter.

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László Pollák, AFIT III. Chief Engineer of Car Repair V:
There has long been a debate among car owners about what to do with the car in the winter, which is more advantageous: to stop the car or walk with it. This issue clearly cannot be resolved. Anyone who needs a car can feel free to use it if they prepare the car properly for the winter. But the car still needs to be prepared if it is stopped. There are some benefits to shutting down. Engine wear is known to be greatest when it has not yet reached operating temperature. In winter, the temperature is lower and the engine heats up more slowly, so the wear is higher.
Because and I’m a big motorist and I confess that the car should be for me and not the other way around, so I drive in the winter too. So with my advice, I turn to motorists who tread the accelerator pedal on our roads in winter, summer, rain and snow.
Winter traffic puts increased strain on certain structural units of the car. The condition of these structures determines the conditions for winter driving. Therefore, have your car inspected before the start of the period.
Pay special attention to the ignition device. Inspect the battery first. Check the acid level and top up if necessary. Clean the poles of sulphide deposits and lightly lubricate them with silicone grease before replacing the heels. This is very important because as the outside temperature decreases, the battery capacity decreases, but the current consumption of the starter motor increases. In the case of an old battery, this will result in very poor sparking, so it is advisable to replace the old battery with a new one. Check the condition of the ignition cables: replace the cracked, fragmented insulated wire as well. The wrong cable will “break through” and a spark will form on the wire instead of the cylinder. Inspect the gap between the circuit breakers. If we’ve run ten thousand miles with the spark plugs, let’s replace it!
The next point we examined should be the fuel supply equipment. Check the fuel level in the carburetor. It is highly recommended to disassemble and clean the atomizer. Check the pipe connections and do not forget to drain the fuel tank. Adjust the air filter (Lada, P-Fiat). Fill the radiator with antifreeze and check the operation of the thermostat.
The most important condition for safe winter driving is the perfect condition of the brakes and tires. Check the brakes, do not walk on worn tires. It is recommended to change the summer tires to winter. It is especially important that the braking force is the same on both sides of the car. Unbroken braking inequality in the winter, on slippery roads, is extremely dangerous. Perform chassis and cavity protection before winter. Pay attention to small cracks and paint chipping, as these are the starting points for corrosion. It is recommended to spray the chrome-plated surfaces with a protective spray. Lubricate the door seals and locks with silicone grease. The dehumidifier on the rear window is useful. In the windscreen washer tank, replace the water with antifreeze.
If motorists take the advice, their winter driving will be carefree.

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László Pataki, head of the Csepel site of Autószöv:
Full service is required during winter shutdown. After entering the garage or winter parking lot, cover all chrome-plated parts on the body with a chrome-plated coating. It can be a colorless varnish, acid-free grease, the important thing is to protect the bumpers and moldings from moisture and corrosion. Then load the car, place a wooden or metal buckle under the rear axle and the front swingarms so that the car is stable when folded up. Bricks should not be used for this purpose as they are extremely dangerous. By clamping, the undercarriage bearings and tires are protected from unilateral loading. To conserve the engine for the winter, it is advisable to remove the spark plugs and fill the cylinders with a few cubic centimeters of petroleum-diluted oil through the orifice, and then rotate the engine several times after refitting the spark plugs. This protects the piston rings and the cylinder wall from rusting. It is also advisable to plug the air filter and exhaust pipe openings so that the humid air cannot cause oxidation. When recharging, the battery retaining screws must be removed to allow the resulting gas to escape freely. Where the battery is charged, smoking and open flames are prohibited due to the risk of explosion. Make sure the room is ventilated. The battery must always be charged with a maximum of one tenth of the current specified in ampere-hours, ie 5.5 A for a battery with a capacity of 55 A. In the charged battery, the cell voltage was 2.2 and the acid density was 1.258 gr / kcm. When handling batteries, be careful not to get any acid on your clothes or eyes. For those who do not have a charger and sufficient battery handling skills, it is advisable to have it serviced by a specialist garage. When covering the trolley, it is advisable to place something under the tarpaulin (such as a laid-out rubber hose) so that the blanket does not rest on the polished parts. A tarpaulin that gets wet and warms up in the sun will damage the paintwork. Remove snow regularly from the carriage. Where the temperature can be expected to drop below freezing, the water must also be drained from the radiator, engine block and radiator, or the entire cooling system must be filled with antifreeze.
If the oil has not been changed before the winter shutdown, have it done at a service station after spring commissioning.

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András Kisvölcsey, M.Sc. electric engineer:
I’m not a fan of winter shutdown. In my opinion, it is often not worth even resting your vehicle in the winter if you only use it for car rides and not as a work tool. According to him, year-round driving is justified by the following considerations:
– Economically: the depreciation of the car, the “moral wear” in the winter months is constantly working against our wallets. We also pay the tax and insurance premiums for the whole year (not to mention any winter garage rent). If we already have to pay anyway, why not get something for our money in the winter as well (i.e., why only have a car in the summer?).
– Technically: the wear and tear of the car depends not only on the kilometers traveled but also on the time elapsed. Corrosion does not spare a parked car, and even some moving parts (such as bowden wires, wristbands, pedals, etc.) often cause unpleasant surprises when starting again. There is no doubt that the car, even in winter, has a high level of corrosion (due to road salting, wetter weather and other reasons). However, if we store our car in the wet, poorly ventilated garage (or maybe on the street!) During the winter months, its condition will certainly deteriorate at least as much as if we were driving it. Shutdown therefore only makes sense if we can provide the car with dry, well-ventilated and not too cold storage space.
– The road safety aspect is also very important. Anyone who knows only the sunny side of driving, in the strict sense of the word, cannot be considered a reliable driver. Winter driving is a very good school! Anyone who has learned to drive safely in fog, snowstorms, snow-slushy, or icy roads knows that, for example, at the beginning of a summer shower, you cannot drive a car (otherwise with impeccable stability) in the same way as on a sunny, dry road.
We need to know the characteristics and behavior of our vehicle in all kinds of road conditions and conditions! (By the way, even after the winter forced rest, even the most routine driver is more insecure for a day or two, we need to be careful about that too!)

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The opinions of three experienced professionals were reported. Based on all this, it can be seen that winter traffic or downtime is not an easy problem. It is up to each of the motorists to decide what to do. In our opinion, when the weather is the coldest – and if it is possible – we can safely “rest” our car for a few days. It can only benefit us!

L.K.


Source: Autó-Motor by www.automotor.hu.

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