Global antibiotic use has increased by 46 percent in two decades, according to a study in the scientific journal Lancet Planetary Health.
Data from 204 countries between 2000 and 2018 were examined as part of the Global Antibiotic Resistance (GRAM) program, which provides a comprehensive analysis of total antibiotic use in humans worldwide.
Improper use of antibiotics is an important cause of drug-resistant infections, but little data are available on antibiotic use.e – read in a statement from Oxford University.
Researchers, including university experts, have used a new approach that includes statistical modeling techniques, as well as large-scale surveys of households in low- and middle-income countries and data from the World Health Organization and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) on drug sales.
Understanding the pattern of global antibiotic use will help us respond to a number of public health challenges He said Annie Brown, the first author of the study.
The study found high rates of antibiotic use in North America, Europe and the Middle East, and very low in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Southeast Asia. Among some countries, the rate of antibiotic use can be as much as ten times higher.
While the rate of global consumption increased by 46 percent between 2000 and 2018, this rate remained relatively stable in high-income countries, but the use of antibiotics increased by 76 percent in middle- and low-income countries during this period.
The biggest increase – 116 percent – in South Asia and North Africa and the Middle East – 111 percent – was shown by data analysts.
Consumption of broad-spectrum penicillin is highest in high-income countries and lowest in South Asia, according to a publication on the University of Oxford website.
Source: Patika Magazin Online by www.patikamagazin.hu.
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