Germany: Corona has a legacy in the labor market


Changed work models are clearly coming into vogue. At the same time, the desire to work is becoming less, especially after the pandemic, and this trend has affected almost all sectors of the market. And finally, what is especially worrying for employers is that fewer and fewer people find satisfaction in their work. Is it true that remote work improves the quality of work?

There is a striking imbalance in the labor market in Germany today. While employers are desperately looking for skilled workers, work is becoming less and less important to employees. Three-quarters of workers would prefer to go part-time as soon as possible: according to a representative survey by HDI Insurance, a four-day full-time week would be supported by 86% of workers. This trend is especially pronounced in industry, where one in four would agree even to the loss of part of the salary.

It should be recognized that industrial jobs account for only 14% of the total supply. But the push for less work cuts across industries: Of the nearly 4,000 employees surveyed for the study, nearly one in two complained about their full-time jobs during the summer months. Thus, 48% would switch to a part-time job if their employer considered it possible. Among workers under the age of 40, this proportion reaches 51%.

The results of the annual study of occupations show that the corona crisis and the partially imposed need to switch to remote work have left deep marks on the labor market. Changed work models are clearly coming into vogue: for example, before the pandemic, employees viewed the prospects of digitalization more as a potential threat to their own jobs. At the same time, 60% of employees highly appreciate the introduction of modern digital technologies in various areas of life and production, since this approach, among other things, allows increasing mobility – by almost one third. And 41% of employees are now convinced (for comparison, 29% think otherwise) that “mobile work improves the quality of work results.” In particular, this opinion is held by men under 45 years old – 48% (against 27% who think differently).

Survey results suggest that employers are likely to be concerned about the second lingering effect of the pandemic: a marked decline in employee loyalty to their jobs and to the company as a whole. At the forefront, especially among young people, is the desire to equalize the balance between work and personal life. If in 2020 “life without work” was “unthinkable” for 69% of workers under the age of 25, now it is only for 58%. In other words, four out of ten can imagine it. Regardless of age, 56% of respondents would also leave their job “as soon as possible” if they were “not dependent on it financially.” This is over a third more than the first HDI Occupations Study in 2019.

Even for those who still want to remain employees, expectations from work and everyday life have changed a lot. “In particular, young professionals in Germany are actively seeking greater freedom at work,” says HDI CEO Christopher Lohmann. “They want to have a say in important matters such as where, when and how long they will work.” Their views differ significantly from the traditional models that exist in the labor market. And the Corona experience has only contributed to the “dissent”.

Fewer and fewer employees find satisfaction in their work. The statement “my current job means a lot to me”, which was popular in 2019, was supported by 61% of respondents. Three years later, this figure averages 58%, and among workers under 25 it is 55%.

Very few people talk about their activity as a dream job: about one in three employees evaluates it this way. There are 59% of such teachers and trainers, and 44% each among doctors and IT workers. Next come the professions of a security guard and a cleaner (20%).

According to the survey, 46% of the self-employed see themselves in the job of their dreams, this number is lower for employees at 36%, and there are more professionals with a net income of more than 5,000 euros per month (58%) than those with an income of less than 2,000 euros (31 %).

The results of the study are based on a survey conducted by market research and opinion research institute YouGov Germany, which surveyed 3,891 working people aged 15 and over. Among them were 368 self-employed/freelancers and 3,523 employees.

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Source: Все материалы – Московский Комсомолец by www.mknews.de.

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