Peat is the most widely used growing medium in the world, for example, many ordinary soil bags contain 100% peat. Peat is popular because it is hygienic and does not contain weeds or other contaminants that interfere with cultivation, for example.
However, due to climate change, many want to keep peat in the swamp instead of spreading it on their plots or in flower jars at home. Is it possible to care for a garden without peat? What are the options?
Executive Director of the Utility Association Katja Uski says more and more people are looking for alternatives today. And they can be found.
“For example, you can compost leaves or garden waste in your own yard or plot and make your own mold. Kitchen waste can also be composted, but a thermostat is required to compost it. According to the law, they must not be placed in open compost. ”
Bokashi composting is also suitable for composting kitchen waste. In it, the waste is fermented by microbes under anaerobic conditions. The method is from Japan.
Biolan’s garden advice Riikka Kerttula says that you can buy moss buttons or other growing media assembled from moss. Moss is also collected from the gut and the collection easily leaves an ugly mark in nature, but at least it is not dug underground and is not dried because of it.
Read also: Compost makes garden waste a useful substance – this is how you make the compost yourself and recycle nutrients in the garden
Coconut fiber instead of peat
A lot of coconut fiber is now imported to Finland from abroad. It has quickly spread here as a substitute for peat.
“Of course, flying far is not supercological either, but at least coconut fiber is not dug underground like peat. It is a by-product of coconut cultivation, and nothing needs to be grown separately for that, ”says Uski.
The coconut fiber condenses into a small space and is therefore easy to transport. It swells multiple times when it gets water. It is sold in shops in cubes like brick.
Coconut fiber is used, for example, in the cultivation of seedlings, it can be planted with herbs, for example, or it can be added to the soil. It is a good aid for cultivation as it has quite the same properties as peat. Coconut fiber is also hygienic and binds water.
Also read: Vermiculite, coconut fiber or cat litter – now it’s hard to change soil!
Well-being soil binds carbon
Uski says the most important thing is to keep the garden soil in good condition if the farmer really wants to take care of the climate. Then the plants grow well on the ground and the soil binds carbon.
The use of compost soil is a great way to improve the soil. Likewise, biochar artificially produced from biomass, which can be added to the soil even among the compost soil to ensure that the carbon stays in the ground and does not escape into the sky.
Biocarbon is produced at high temperatures in low-oxygen pyrolysis, or dry distillation. It is sold in regular garden stores.
You might also be interested in these things:
Greetings from the mulch factory! Here are some tips to get you started on composting
What on earth? Aquaculture does not require any soil at all and still produces a good harvest – this is how you try the method at home
When is land improvement necessary and how is it done? This will make it a good breeding ground for vegetables and flowers
Source: Puutarha – Kotiliesi.fi by kotiliesi.fi.
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