The sun is shining, suddenly in the yard to do business? Spring work in the garden is started by the gardener Juha Toikan according to easily too early.
“Sunny and warm climates are tempting to go to the yard, but the ground is still cold and at worst the seeds placed in the cold ground will rot. It is worth allowing the country to dry and warm up and then just get to work, ”Toika says.
“In the spring, you should enjoy, plan and take it easy, there is no panic. Yes, it’s easy to do it in the summer. ”
Read Toika’s advice on what to do in the garden in the spring and what is the right time to do something.
Also read: 14 tips for the novice gardener: Remember these for the first spring
1. Protect your plants in early spring
Protecting young evergreens, such as conifers and rhodes, is important. When the air is dry and the sun is warming but the ground is frozen, the risk of dehydration is high.
“In a sunny location, the first 2-3 years are worth protecting. Since then, the roots have grown so deep that they reach the molten ground. ”
Plants can be protected with gauze or hoods. There should be a hole at the top so that the temperature does not rise too much inside the cover when the sun is shining. The protection can be removed when the soil is melted and the plant is able to take water from the soil.
2. Be sure to plant the seeds
“Chili in January, February at the latest. Tomatoes would be good to have seedlings as early as April, but still not too late. Cucumbers and gourds are fast, they still have time in May and some can start growing directly in the open, ”Toika lists.
“If possible, chillies and tomatoes should be sown early, because the faster it is harvested.”
Also read: Home gardener, now is the time to sow the seeds! With these instructions, you will succeed in growing seedlings
3. Water the plants with lukewarm water
All plants should be watered with lukewarm, hand-warm water so that their roots begin to melt.
“The ground can be surprisingly dry, and the roots can be watered surprisingly much.”
Pour water into the root quietly so that the water is easy to absorb and does not make a hole in the ground. The ground may look wet, but it may be good to dig the ground and test with your finger that the ground is wet around the roots and not just on the surface.
Watering is important, especially if you use a cover.
“Often a cover is placed on the roots of the plants, which protects them, but at the same time the cover prevents the melting water of the snow from being absorbed into the ground. The water flows like a goose’s back. ”
Also read: 5 tips: Tame the drought and save the garden and flowers in the summer heat
4. Plant correctly
“Open-rooted, non-potted plants should be planted as soon as the ground is warm. In southern Finland, people usually talk about May, the beginning of June. ”
Potted plants can be planted throughout the summer.
It is a good idea to vary the locations of plants in the vegetable garden every year, so you reduce the risk of disease, among other things.
Read also: Alternating in the home garden is easy – with these instructions you will succeed
5. Move and share at the right time
Transplanting plants is done in spring and autumn.
“Dig out the plant with a big pack of earth and take it to a new place. Irrigation is important after transfer. It is advisable to water the plant a couple to three weeks after transplanting to prevent it from drying out. Almost every day you may have to pour a watering can if there is a bigger Puska before it takes root in the new soil. ”
There is an easy memory rule for sharing when talking about flowering plants.
“Autumn flowers are distributed in spring, spring flowers are distributed in autumn. In the middle of summer, the flowers are distributed either in spring or autumn, ie not during flowering. ”
“When you move and divide plants, the planting site should be ready so that the roots of the plant do not dry out.”
6. Start fertilizing lightly
The time of fertilization is in early summer, when the plant begins to show signs of growth. Perennials are awakened by first giving them plain water. A couple of weeks after watering, it is time to start fertilizing.
“Fertilizer can be given in irrigation water. Fertilizing should start with half the strength. When the plant is mature and has a leaf area, the full amount of fertilizer can be applied. ”
Toika reminds us that a plant planted in new soil does not need fertilization at the beginning, as the new soil itself contains a lot of nutrients.
7. Remember to whitewash
In addition to fertilizing, liming is important.
“If the pH of the soil changes too much, the plant will not be able to use the nutrients. Nutrients begin to accumulate in the soil and the plant is able to use them even worse. A vicious circle is born. Lime restores the soil to the right pH, and the plant is able to use nutrients again. ”
Liming can be done at any time. Lime can also be thrown on the surface of the snow, from where it is absorbed into the ground as the snow melts.
Liming should be done everywhere except for acidic soil plants such as rhodes, conifers and shrub blueberries.
8. Do not rake too much
There is not much need for raking in the spring.
“In sweat heads, raking the lawn is a futile task. A new lawn will come out more easily, but when raking, you take away the decaying ingredient and impoverish the soil. In fact, I am terribly lazy combing the country. “
“You can clean the debris from the flower bed during the winter.”
There is one exception to raking. If the lawn has been destroyed in the winter, Toika advises raking the area clean, applying some soil to the area, sowing seeds in it and covering it with gauze.
“It’s a good idea to do the lawn mowing now, so at midsummer you won’t notice that it’s parsed.”
9. Prune trees and shrubs only if needed
If you’re thinking of pruning trees or shrubs, it’s time before the buds come out. The second cut is in the summer.
“Cut as needed, not as usual. Evaluate and look at the tree or shrub before taking the scissors in your hand. Is there really a need for cutting and what do you want to achieve with cutting? ”, Toika asks.
“Bad branches and parts, of course, are always cut off.”
Also read: Don’t prune trees and shrubs wrong – the gardener will reveal the worst mistakes