Many see life as happier and healthier when there is as little work to be done as possible and there is princely time and space for pleasures.
However, several recent studies show that too much idleness can even be a nuisance. Even being busy seems to support a sense of happiness, says Helsingin Sanomat thing.
Sixty-three per cent of Finnish respondents of retirement age indicated their willingness to do gainful employment in the employment pension company Ilmarinen, published this year. in the study. Most respondents think an appropriate amount of work would be a couple of days a week.
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56 percent of respondents cited making sense of doing so as the main reason, and an equal number of respondents said increasing income. One in four respondents mentioned a desire to belong to a work community.
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Only about one in seven reported that there would be no incentive for them to work in retirement. The results were weighted so that they described the average retiree.
The longing for work explains that work has many useful psychological dimensions.
Work builds a person’s identity and offers him or her a sense of competence and worth. It is a key factor in strengthening well-being.
Scientists are demonstratedthat when feelings of competence and worth are threatened, people begin to take an interest in some kind of effort.
Usually, effort means some kind of work. The reason is that through work, a person demonstrates ability and is able to make an impact. The work reinforces identity as a qualified individual.
So called Ikea effect explains why many want to drill in their spare time as well. The furniture sold by the furniture giant must be assembled yourself, which creates feelings of success. In addition, people find the object they assemble as valuable as the one made by a professional, he says Journal of Consumer Psychology published in the journal.
Subjects expected others to share their perceptions of the value of the self-assembled structure. People thirst for more of these experiences, even if they don’t realize it – this is an essential and calculated part of Ikea’s success story.
At the same time, everyone needs free time because it supports a considerable amount of well-being. However, this only applies up to a certain point.
Published this year in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in the study it was found that the well-being of the subjects deteriorated when there was more than five hours of free time per day.
Those with a lot of free time felt less productive and less well-off compared to those with moderate leisure time.
When people have plenty of time, such as retirement, they would benefit from using the time freed up purposefully, the researchers write.
Also, volunteering would be a smart choice for a retiree. Once the basic needs of life are secured, one of the surest sources of happiness is altruism, that is, helping others, HS says.
Studies according to altruists and those who volunteer regularly live longer and happier on average. This has been observed even at the cellular level.
Volunteering is a combination studies less social isolation and depressive symptoms, as well as slower cognitive decline – which means a reduced risk of dementia.
Source: Tiede by www.tiede.fi.
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