A farmer’s nightmare happens during the growing season find that is, a drop in temperature below zero on the earth’s surface. Today, frost can be combated effectively by sprinkling or gauze, but in the past, the means were scarce. Gray white did not warm much, and in the worst case the frost destroyed the entire crop. This was followed by famine and misery.
The frost has been familiar to Finns for a long time, but the small night frost has not mattered to practitioners. The frost and the destruction it produces have only become known during the native Finnish period, when farming began.
Findis an old Baltic loan that is known in all Baltic Finnish languages. The word has also spread to the Sámi, but there it mainly means baptism and fog.
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In the Finnish literary language find has performed Agricolasta from, as well hallainen and frost year. In the foreword to her psalmist, Agricola poeted about the devastation caused by frost, which left her without bread and beer.
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The drama associated with the hall has also inspired art poets. Probably the best known example JL Runeberg Saarijärvi’s SpongeBob and his legendary battle against frost. The visual arts side is remembered Hugo Simbergin painted by Halla, who sits deadly on top of the pile and blows icy mist around her.
Significant gray hall has the same root as find. Hall has traditionally been the name of the gray dog, and today as a hall also called a gray seal.
There is a gray-bearded man in the Kalevala halliparta. Findderived from greyish means pale gray. A horse of that color rides the death described in the Bible Revelation.
Findalso has a symbolic use. When is made hallaa for some thing, causing damage. When “sit ‘is sung in the Karelian song, it does not put the East find nor the frosts of the bottom, ”is not merely sung about meteorological phenomena.
The fateful role of Halla in ancient times is also reminded by the fact that find is a common ingredient in Finnish place names. It can be found all over Finland Halla-ahoja, Hallakorpia, Hallamaita and Cold call. The same names have naturally also become house names and surnames. At that point, their nasty meaning has already sunk into the background, and the names are taken as mere names.
Kaisa Häkkinen is an academician and professor emeritus of the Finnish language at the University of Turku.
Published in Science Journal 8/2021
Source: Tiede by www.tiede.fi.
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