From love to a red breast Science


Every time I go to the yard for gardening, I get followed. Sometimes I feel like someone is looking at me, I turn around and see a red breast. Sometimes the bird flies to the scene as soon as invited and settles down to tap my actions.

The companion appears on the site every spring in April at the latest, just as the industry is spending longer and longer evenings outdoors. It would be nice to think that the same guy would return to the yard year after year. It would just spend the winters somewhere in the western Mediterranean, maybe Spain, and would enjoy the Finnish summer, like many other Finns who avoid the cold and the dark.

However, in a few decades, I have probably become acquainted with a number of different individuals. Most small birds hardly live a year. But if the red breast survives its first year, it may well survive the second and third. Four-year-olds are already rare, and by the standards of their species, the old freak who, according to ringing data, endured to be over 11 years old, was ancient.

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There are newcomers to the agglomerations

Red breast is fun to follow. It listens and tilts its head obviously with interest when, say, I say I’m going to change the location of the peony. Did you also wonder if it is worth doing that. The perennial has bloomed handsomely in its former place, and that plant is known for its resistance to change.

Yes, I know a bird doesn’t really take a stand on yard design but expects me to break the ground. I cover it at the Dining Table as I turn the mold and at the same time bring the delicacies to life.

The omnivore tastes like earthworms, spiders, butterfly larvae, tentacles, flies, mosquitoes, bedbugs, aphids and clams. The proportion of plant food increases from late summer, and until early spring, the menu may include mostly berries, fruits, grains, and seeds.

The majority of the red-breasted birds in our country live in the forests, but they have also started to nest more and more often in agglomerations. The species is by no means picky about its habitat: it thrives in hexagonal mixed forests, although other types of environments are suitable if there are trees and shrubs of different ages. It avoids rugged and one-sided pine fabrics.

The fearless ball lets go close

The red breast is the third most common bird species in Finland after the finch and the willow bird. I guess quite a few would vote for it if citizens were asked about their favorite bird.

At least Esa-Pekka Avela, a bird enthusiast from Pori, would do so. For her, the red breast is “once and for all beautiful”. The essence is affectionately round, especially when the feathers are fluffy, and the head and big black eyes are also round. The greenish-gray figure shines with one elegant colored, orange-red front.

“It’s pretty fearless, you can see it up close. And it looks back. ”

Avela has a special personal relationship with red breast: “It has often appeared to me just when there have been big joys or sorrows in my life. It’s like it’s part of my feelings. ”

He thinks one of the great features of the genre is the flute-like, versatile vocals. The little musician seems to be improvising all the time, avoiding repeating previous verses. A purely poetic description is in The Birds of the North with Color Images I-II (Otava 1963–1967):

“The beautiful and atmospheric vocals are the delicate, fragile melody of crystal-clear running and pulsating sounds mixed with less pure, squeaky sounds. Short breaks break into tweets on Twitter, which begin to fade, as if empathetically, soon swell to their full force and eventually fade away again. ”

This beauty can be heard almost all year round, except in July during the feather harvest. The most singing red breast is in the spring, when it begins its day before sunrise and continues into the evening when the other little birds have already retreated to rest. Even at night, it can rattle. In addition to dogs, females also sing, as do many other small birds.

In addition to the sound of silver tones, the red chest has other, more mundane sounds. In my garden I often hear tickling. That’s when the bird may look for a place in the bush to spend the night, says Avela.

At the stage when nesting has begun, angry commands may echo from the nest. If the earth beast approaches, the mother’s first reactions are angry ticking sounds, the others a rattle. There is a high, sharp cry about the danger from the air: “Sii.”

When the bird whispers softly tsri, it is an invitation. Contacts are sip and wing. If a female or chicks say si-si-si, they will beg the dog for food.

The nest is usually located on the ground or in a low sheltered, semi-open place, such as near a rot, mossy stump, tree root, or under a fallen trunk. Old nests or cavities or open pots of other species are also eligible. Stacks of wood and stone fences piled up by man work, as do abandoned shoes, pots and flower pots. Nests have also been found in cars, trains and planes. In some cases, the use of vehicles has not disturbed nesting.

Arja Kivipelto
is a producer of Science Nature.

You can read the full article in Science Nature issue 3/2022 or digilehdet.fi:stäif you are a subscriber to a Sanoma magazine.


Source: Tiede by www.tiede.fi.

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