The French newspaper “Le Monde” criticized her country’s government’s support for the dictator Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, and the French newspaper attributed the reasons for this support, in addition to condoning Sisi’s crimes, repression and widespread violations of human rights to the huge arms deals concluded by the Sisi regime with French companies until France turned into the largest exporter of arms to Egypt in Region.
“Le Monde” said that the unprecedented purchases by the Egyptian army of French weapons and military equipment during the era of Sisi made Paris completely turn a blind eye during the past years to the latter’s comprehensive political repression and his flagrant violations of human rights in the Arab country.
The French newspaper reveals that both the Saudi and Emirati governments have a major role in marketing Al-Sisi and his regime in Western circles and European capitals. The two countries financed Sisi’s coup against the late President Mohamed Morsi, and Paris encouraged them to embrace him, as Sisi presented himself to Paris as a bulwark against terrorism. Where he was received by France in 2014.
Le Monde adds that the process of overlooking the suppression of “Sisi” in exchange for his army’s purchase of French arms sales began during the era of President “Francois Hollande”, who received and his defense minister at the time, “Jean-Yves Le Drian”, “Sisi” in November 2014, 6 months after ascending to the throne Egypt. During the visit, “Sisi” expressed his intention at the time to buy 24 “Rafale” aircraft, and this was the first export sale of the “Rafale” fighter, manufactured by the French company, Dassault.
According to the report, the Rafale planes flew over the Suez Canal, under warm applause from Sisi and former French President Hollande during the opening of the Suez Canal branch in August 2015. While they were negotiating a new arms deal that included two Mistral helicopter carriers, until then bound for Russia.
The newspaper stated that the purchases of “Rafale” and “Mistral” set the course of the relationship between “France and Egypt’s el-Sisi”, as Cairo has already become a leading trading partner for Paris, and with financial support from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the two main customers of the French arms industry.
According to the latest report issued by the French Senate regarding exports of military equipment to Egypt, Egypt ranked third with more than 6.6 billion euros in sales during the period 2011-2020.
Adviser to the French Institute of International Relations, Denis Bouchard, indicated that France benefited from Sisi’s bad relations with US President Barack Obama, then reluctantly with Donald Trump, as well as Sisi’s desire to diversify his sources of armament.
The newspaper pointed out that there was another thing that helped Paris embrace “Sisi”, which is the declaration of the “Islamic State” caliphate in Iraq and Syria, its attraction to thousands of foreign jihadists and its encouragement to launch terrorist attacks in Europe. Meanwhile, the fight against terrorism and irregular migration has since become at the heart of the bilateral strategic partnership between Cairo and Paris, bearing in mind a topic of concern to both sides at the same level, which is related to the destabilization of Libya.
The newspaper stated that France did not bother during the era of Hollande nor his successor Emmanuel Macron in giving lessons to Sisi about the widespread repression practiced under the guise of combating terrorism, through the practice of arbitrary arrests, torture, enforced disappearances and mass trials, human rights organizations continue to denounce the silencing The forced voices of critics of the regime, whether Islamists, secular opponents, or leftists.
In early 2021, the Sisi government placed an order for 30 new Rafale aircraft. This aroused the regret of Emrick Elwin, Amnesty International’s arms defense officer, who described the relationship between Paris and Cairo as one-sided, and that France does not benefit much from it. France and the Egyptian people are the big losers in this relationship, where human rights violations are constantly rewarded.
Le Monde’s report coincides with the investigative investigation launched by the French website Disclose, which was published on Sunday, November 21, 2021, about the French intelligence’s involvement with the regime of dictator Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in the killing of hundreds of innocent Egyptians under the pretext of the war on alleged terrorism. France through a secret military mission in Egypt, to target civilian smugglers on the Egyptian-Libyan border. Disclose relied, in its report, on hundreds of secret French military documents that it obtained through an unnamed source, which means that they are reliable information. This proves that the joint military mission between the two countries, which was called “Sirley”, was aimed at providing intelligence information about militants who pose a terrorist threat to Egypt through its western borders with neighboring Libya, which has been in chaos since the overthrow of the regime of dictator Muammar Gaddafi. However, members of the French intelligence team noticed that the Egyptian side had used the information to target smugglers who had nothing to do with terrorism, and the members of the French team had reported these abuses to their bosses several times.
The report not only accuses the Sisi regime and its apparatus, but also accuses the French state during the reigns of Presidents François Hollande and his successor, Emmanuel Macron, the current president. 2016 and 2018, by providing intelligence that enabled the Egyptian side to carry out these attacks. These raids often destroyed several cars, and the number of casualties could reach several hundred. In accordance with the parameters of Resolution 56/83 of the United Nations General Assembly, France’s complicity in these unlawful executions is certain.
Disclose continued to publish the second part of the investigation on Wednesday, November 24, 2021, revealing that French companies, sponsored by the Paris government, supported the Sisi regime with technological techniques to pursue activists through sophisticated electronic spyware.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
*The article has been translated based on the content of بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com. If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!
*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.
*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!