“Forcing developing countries to use renewable energy is extremely hypocritical” Bjorn Roomberg :: Empathy Media Newsis News Agency ::

Article Summary

Rich countries rely heavily on fossil fuels.
The use of expensive renewable energy
It’s like playing with people’s lives.

[윌리스턴(미 노스다코다주)=AP/뉴시스]Heavy trucks transporting water and hydraulic fracturing liquids line up in front of flaming storage tanks burning natural gas on June 9, 2014 in Williston, North Carolina. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has proposed new rules that require companies to disclose the impact of greenhouse gas emissions and climate risks on their business as part of the U.S. government’s efforts to combat climate change. . 2022.3.22


[서울=뉴시스] Reporter Young-jin Kang = Bjorn Romberg, a famous economist who has been pursuing the improvement of global welfare based on welfare economics, criticized the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) on the 20th (local time) for criticizing “rich countries are hypocritically operating climate measures” contributed an article. The subtitle reads: “They are telling developing countries to rely more on solar and wind power while they rely more on oil and coal.”

Hypocritical attitudes toward fossil fuels are revealed in advanced countries’ response to the global energy crisis. Rich countries scold developing countries for using renewable energy. Last month, the G7 announced that they would not finance overseas fossil fuel development. Europe and the United States, on the other hand, are begging Arab countries to increase oil production. Germany has resumed coal generation, while Spain and Italy are spending large sums of money on African natural gas production. Many European countries have asked Botswana to increase coal production, more than doubling its exports.

Developed countries have developed through extensive use of fossil fuels. Most of the economy is still dependent on fossil fuels. Solar cells and wind power generation have limitations, such as being difficult to produce at night or when there are clouds. Increasing the battery storage capacity doesn’t help much. Even with all of the existing batteries in the world, the world’s electricity use can only sustain for 75 seconds. Even if the supply increases rapidly, the global battery stock in 2030 will only support 11 minutes. Every winter in Germany, solar electricity production decreases and wind power almost stops, producing only 7,000 minutes or 5 days of information at most.

This is why developing countries cannot pursue economic development by relying on Taeang Electric and wind power generation. Factories cannot rely on wind power for production. Steelworks and fertilizer plants use coal and natural gas. Most of the solar and wind power cannot run machinery that can help people out of poverty, such as water pumps and tractors.

That is why more than three-fourths of electricity generation in wealthy countries depends on fossil fuels. Solar and wind power account for only 3%. The average fossil fuel-generated electricity consumption per person in rich countries is 23 times that of people in poor countries.

However, rich countries are cutting back on fossil fuel development subsidies from developing countries. 3.5 billion people worldwide do not have a stable electricity supply. Instead of providing them with the means by which the rich countries can become wealthy, they admonish them to casually skip coal, natural gas, and oil and enter the green nirvana of the sun and wind.

This behavior is a scam created by hopeful thinking and green marketing. In 2014, Greenpeace tried to make India’s first solar village, Darnai.

Greenpeace drew worldwide attention when it declared that Darnai refused to “fall into the trap of the fossil fuel industry.” However, on the day the solar power supply started, the battery was submerged within a few hours. A boy said he couldn’t do his homework because he couldn’t turn on the only light in the house.

Villagers were instructed not to turn on refrigerators and TVs, claiming they would cause power system failure. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), he had to cook with wood and cow dung because he could not use an electric heater, which is as dangerous to health as smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. Across developing countries, millions of infants die each year from indoor air pollution.

In August 2014, Greenpeace invited some of India’s top politicians and he became Environment Minister to praise Greenpeace’s work. Residents protested for “real electricity” instead of “fake electricity” when he appeared.

After Darnai was finally connected to the main power grid, which relied heavily on coal, villagers quickly turned off the solar power. This is because, according to one academic study, coal grids cost only a third of the cost of solar electricity. Moreover, there was enough supply to turn on the TV and stove. Darnai’s solar panels are now covered in dust and sheep are grazing in the area.

Clearly, solar electricity is not useless either. It is only used to charge a cell phone or to turn on a light. However, it is expensive and has obvious limitations. A study conducted in India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, found that even with generous subsidies for solar electricity, most residents could not afford it. Even in wealthy countries such as Germany and Spain, most new wind and solar power cannot be accommodated despite the high subsidies.

That’s why rich countries are still relying on fossil fuels for decades, despite their emphasis on tackling climate change. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that even if all current climate measures are implemented, renewables will only account for one-third of energy use in the United States and Europe by 2050. Even developing countries are not aware of this hypocrisy. Nigeria’s Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo expressed this elegantly. “No country in the world has industrialized with renewables, but Africa is being told that we should do so until everyone in the world knows that our industry needs natural gas power.”

Rather than selfishly blocking the development of other countries, rich countries should be alert and invest properly in innovation to make green energy more efficient and cheaper than fossil fuels. Only then can everyone switch to renewable energy. To insist on preventing poor countries from benefiting from the abundant, reliable and affordable energy is playing a game of human life.

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