For cottage and sauna Science


The cottage store is now hot when holiday travel abroad has not been successful for a long time because of the corona.

CottageWhen you hear the word, a modern Finn probably thinks of a summer cottage, not just any small building. The contemporary cottage can be a wonderful Residence suitable for year-round use and not a bit of a hassle.

CottageHowever, the word is older than Finnish summer cottage culture. It is not part of the Finno-Ugric heritage dictionary, but it is still many hundred years old.

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In Finnish dialects cottage, munch or mökkönen may also denote a lump or lump, and this is thought to be the original meaning of the word.

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The name of the dwelling comes from the time when the rural poor lived in hillhouses dug into pits dug into the hillside. Such a dwelling may have been contemptuously or playfully compared to a blob of terrain. In the Finnish literary language cottage is first mentioned in the sense of a small house Daniel Jusleniuksen in the dictionary in 1745.

Even a cottage a less derogatory designation of a small and poor house shanty is a widely known dialect cleaved from the verb standing push.

Tönön has brought literary language Aleksis Kivi in his play Nummisuutarit in 1864. It is an affective descriptive word that has never been the actual name of any building.

About summer cottages has begun to speak in the early 20th century.

The gentleman has had summer villas earlier, and their Finnish name has become established in the 1870s. HuvilaThe word is forged in Swedish villain return for the word in the mid-19th century, but it did not mean a summer cottage like the present one at the beginning, but a rural home for a finer population.

One of the most important program numbers of a cottage holiday is sauna. SaunaThe word is a native-Finnish Peru, and apparently originally meant a space suitable for weather protection and heating, in practice usually a small cottage. Such were built, for example, on the shores of distant fishing waters, when it was already known in advance that a place to spend the night was needed on fishing trips.

If in the fish sauna was a stove, it could be used both as a smoke sauna and as a heated dwelling. However, the stove was not the most important part of the fish sauna, and not all saunas had one. The most important thing was to get shelter under the roof.

Kaisa Häkkinen is an academician and professor emeritus of the Finnish language at the University of Turku.

Published in Science Journal 4/2021


Source: Tiede by www.tiede.fi.

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