Follow the signs on the skin – this is how you distinguish between harmless and dangerous skin changes that tell about cancer


A suspicious spot on the skin or a fast-growing eyelid can frighten – and good so. The various forms of skin cancer have increased, and the earlier they are detected, the better the prognosis for cure. You should always react to changes in your own skin.

Skin changes refer to pimples, eyelids, scabs or skin rashes. Changes are divided into benign and malignant.

A malignant skin change is a precursor to cancer or an actual cancer of the skin. However, most of the creations, pimples, and wounds are benign, or harmless.

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Ordinary skin rashes or rashes heal over time, and the eyelids remain the same color and size for years. If a new, abnormal or growing change appears on the skin, it is a good idea to see a doctor.

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Wounds usually know where they got from and they heal in a few weeks at the latest. If you find a bleeding ulcer on your skin that won’t heal in a couple of weeks, it’s also worth examining.

The most common is basal cell carcinoma

Most precursors are cancer precursors and basal cell carcinomas, or basal cell carcinomas. They cause a surface fracture, scab or ulcer on the skin that does not heal normally. Skin symptoms can sometimes get better, but the skin wounds again and again from the same spot and more symptoms become.

Skin cancers are linked to the sun’s UV radiation. Indeed, cell change most often occurs in areas exposed to light, such as the face, scalp, or neck.

Basal cell carcinoma can be found on the arms, back or even the legs. It grows slowly and does not spread to other parts of the body. The prognosis for recovery is good. However, as it grows, it causes tissue damage, and therefore it is always advisable to cut it off as early as possible.

Basal cell carcinoma may be a nodular tumor, a clear-edged rash-like bleeding spot, or a more vague, scarred but neutral-colored skin condensation.

It is treated by removing the tumor tissue completely. Most often it is done by cutting, but sometimes a surface treatment such as freezing, cream or light treatment may be sufficient. The skin should be monitored even after that. More than half of those who have a basal cell carcinoma at one time will receive one or more more over the years.

Stem cell cancer destroys the skin

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin can also be a symptom of an ulcer. It is more acute than basal cell carcinoma and spreads deeper into the skin, grows faster, and can sometimes send metastases to other parts of the body. In general, squamous cell carcinoma is not life-threatening either.

Most squamous cell carcinomas appear on skin damaged by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Such light-damaged areas often also have precursors of squamous cell carcinoma, such as solar keratoses or carcinoma in situ, also referred to as superficial skin cancer.

Then the squamous cell carcinoma looks like a crumbly spot on the skin and can initially be thought of as a rash.

Stem cell cancer can also come on previously healthy skin. Then it is usually a fast-growing and painful nodule whose surface breaks.

Sometimes squamous cell carcinoma develops in a chronic wound or old scar, making it difficult to identify.

The scariest is melanoma

Melanoma is a cancer of the pigment cells, but only one-fifth of them develop in the old eyelid. Usually it comes as a new change to previously healthy skin.

Nearly 20,000 skin cancers are found each year, of which only about 1,500 are melanoma. There are many times more basal cell carcinomas.

Melanoma still talks the most, as it is the most dangerous of the skin cancers. It usually sends metastases to the lymph nodes and the rest of the body if it is not detected quickly. The thicker the tumor, the more likely it is to spread.

If your own skin has more eyelids than normal, the easiest way to follow them is to take photos. The limit of the normal amount is considered to be about fifty. If there are more than a hundred eyelids, it also indicates an increased susceptibility to melanoma.

By comparing images taken from your own creation, you can quickly see if any of them have darkened, grown, spread, or become more irregular in shape — or if someone has become a completely different type of eyelid than before. It is advisable to show such abnormal skin changes to your doctor immediately.

If a doctor suspects melanoma, the entire skin change is immediately cut off and sent for examination. If other skin cancer is suspected, a biopsy may be taken first in primary care.

Age increases the risk of cancer

The increase in skin cancers is particularly linked to an aging population. The more old you are, the more you have had the sun. Skin cancers are specifically exposed to accumulated UV radiation.

It was not until the 1990s that there was proper talk of sun protection in Finland. Modern ancients have had time to be exposed to the sun for a long time, and much of the time the sun has been taken without any protection factors.

Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in particular are distinctively skin cancers in the elderly. Melanoma can also be found in a young adult. Regardless of your age, you should take care of your own skin by protecting it from the sun with creams and clothes. The importance of protection increases if the skin is easily burned.

It is a good idea to monitor skin changes both by touching with your fingers and from a mirror or pictures. When something abnormal or strange happens on your skin, you should see a doctor, even if the change has always been of good quality.

Most skin cancers have been noticed long before they are seen by a doctor. The changes just haven’t been known to be dangerous.

Identify the precursors

  • Solar keratosis is a rough, reddish spot on sun-exposed skin, such as the face.
  • There may be one or more spots, and their diameter varies from a few centimeters. Sometimes solar keratosis has a hard white patti or horn formed by the horn. If there are multiple solar keratoses, the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma is higher.
  • Surface skin cancer is a form of squamous cell carcinoma confined to the surface layers of the skin. It is usually a single, well-defined, reddish and scaly spot that looks like a rash but does not heal with cortisone cream. Over time, it expands and thickens and may develop into squamous cell carcinoma.

From these to the doctor!

  • Bleeding Patti or Patti does not heal in a few weeks or always comes back to the same place.
  • Accurate rash does not cure with cortisone cream.
  • The old eyelid becomes areas of different colors, darkens or grows rapidly, or becomes inaccurately shaped at its edges.

Expert Meri Övermark, dermatologist, HUCH Skin and Allergy Hospital.

This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service.


Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.

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