FLOATING SEA FARMS – A CLIMATE CHANGE SOLUTION

Climate change is leading, among other things, to rising sea levels, which further affects the survival and stay of people in areas close to these bodies of water. The buildings and architecture characteristic of these areas have been adapted to some extent to the conditions that prevail here, but recently a Japanese startup devised a technology that could be revolutionary. It is an invention that combines salt-resistant technology with sea-adapted architecture. Namely, the goal is to solve the issue of rising sea levels and the damage it causes.

This company is in cooperation with agritech company Cultivator made a prototype of a floating sea farm called “Green Ocean”. Agricultural technology was used for the production, with the help of which sea water can be grown as a direct source of nutrients. The plan is to complete this project by 2022.

The construction will be made of thinned wood and carbon joints, in the form of a floating greenhouse resistant to salt. When it is finished and placed on the surface of the water, the farm will consist of two green areas. A food production area that uses new agricultural technology and floats on the surface and a layer of algae that will improve the underwater environment. The corner roof will help collect rainwater, which will be mixed with sea water and used for watering plants.

Cold sea water will also be used for air conditioning on the farm. Seawater-based agriculture uses a special method of growing plants that can absorb water and nutrients in the soil and air by mixing and neutralizing alkaline seawater and acid rainwater. As a result, a large selection of vegetables can be grown, using minerals and nutrients contained in seawater.

The technology is based on growing crops under humidity control. With this method, about 15 cm of the surface layer of natural soil can be reproduced with special fibers of about 5 mm, and vegetables with increased sugar and vitamin content can be grown by evaporating water with special fibers and using methods that reduce the lack of water that plants receive. The method that provides moisture to crops uses one tenth of the water needed in conventional irrigation methods, and can be applied even in areas where water is not abundant.

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Source: E2 Portal by www.e2.rs.

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