You can store uncut cod, haddock or pollock in accordance with GOST only within three hours after the catch. But it often takes longer to drive to shore. If the fishermen followed the GOST and cut fish right on board, they were fined for breaking the law. And if they faithfully followed the law, they lost their catch and earnings, and consumers were deprived of fresh fish. Photo: Yuri Smityuk / TASS
Previously, fishing vessels in coastal fisheries were only allowed to transport, store and unload fresh, live and chilled catches. Recycling was prohibited. However, in some fishing basins, coastal fishing is carried out at a great distance from the point of exit of the vessel. And according to GOST “chilled fish”, uncut storage of cod, haddock or pollock is not allowed for more than three hours. Until you take it to the shore, the fish will go bad.
If fishermen tried to save the catch and were engaged in the primary processing of fish, the regulatory authorities regarded this as a violation of the law. For this, the shipowners, under the Code of Administrative Offenses, were threatened with a fine in the amount of 200 to 300% of the total catch.
This law has been in effect since 2020. What made such a business senseless for fishermen, and deprived consumers of fresh produce.
Now the fishermen will also have the right to gut and decapitate the catch, the Federal Agency for Fishery explains. Further, this catch should be supplied to coastal onshore enterprises as raw materials for production or for sale in Russia. First of all, the amendments are relevant for fishermen of the Northern Fisheries Basin in the framework of coastal fisheries. More than 50 thousand tons of cod and haddock are caught in the Barents and Norwegian Seas alone.
The law regulates the extraction of about 400 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources, says the president of the All-Russian Association of Fisheries (VARPE) German Zverev. In 2021, the volume of the coastal quota for the enterprises of the Far Eastern fishery basin amounted to 325.33 thousand tons, and for the enterprises of the Northern fisheries basin – 73.98 thousand tons. In coastal fisheries, the popular cod, haddock and pollock are caught.
Popular and inexpensive cod, haddock, pollock will again appear on store shelves chilled. And onshore enterprises will get additional work
“The adoption of the law will allow fishermen to supply to the Russian coast not only catches, but also products made from them. This, in turn, creates the necessary conditions for ensuring full-scale loading of coastal enterprises and ensuring rhythmic supplies of fish products to store shelves throughout the country, and residents of coastal regions will receive the ability to buy chilled fish, “says the expert.
Source: Российская Газета by rg.ru.
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