The false-conical hygrophore, Hygrocybe conicoides, is noticed as much by its bright colors as by the particularity of its habitat. This fungus will be found in the dunes mainly in the fall.
Scientific N. Hygrocybe conicoides
Synonyms Hygrophorus conicoides, Hygrophorus conicus var. conicoides
Hat conical then deep, reddish-orange then slightly blackening, D. 1 4 cm
Hymenium wide blades, talons, red mullet
Spores white spore
Pied streaked, orange-yellow then slightly blackening, H. 38 cm
Chair thin and fragile, reddish orange-yellow, slightly graying
Come back absent
Habitat and uses
Division France, northern hemisphere
Periodautumn, from October to December
Habitatcoastline, on sandy dune soil
Possible confusionHygrocybe conica var. conica, Hygrocybe persistens, Hygrocybe aurantiolutescens
Culinary interestwithout interest or indigestible
Its red-orange color stands out on the sandy coastline : the false-conical hygrophore, Hygrocybe conicoides, is noticed as much by its bright colors as by the particularity of its habitat. This basidiomycète from family Hygrophoraceae will meet in the dunes mainly in the fall.
Description of the false-conical hygrophore
The cap of the false-conical Hygrophore, initially conical, will then spread out little by little. It measures between 1 and 4 cm in diameter and has a particularly bright red color evolving to red-orange. As we age, the smooth and shiny cuticle darkens summarily. Overhung by a wavy margin, the blades of a salmon-reddish hue are broad and tight.
The striated foot sports yellow to orange colors and a size between 3 and 8 cm. The base of it is characterized by a fine gray-blackish discoloration that occurs with age. Like the hat, the thin, brittle flesh is reddish to yellow-orange. In addition, it becomes slightly graying as it ages, especially when cut.
To flavor is sweet and the smell of this variety is weak or even insignificant.
Determination ofHygrocybe conicoides
Some confusion is to be considered with Hygrocybe species with similar colors or which develop in the same type of habitat. This is partly the case with the conical hygrophore, Hygrocybe conica var. conical with a red-orange cap, also blackening. However, its ecology is characterized by forest soils or open environments, its blades are neither salmon-colored nor reddish and its cap is strongly black.
The unchanging hygrophore, Hygrocybe persistence grows in dry, unfertilized grasslands but is often found on sandy soil in dune lawns. This species may have red or orange shapes although it is mostly bright yellow or yellow-orange.
At last, The yellow-orange hygrophore, Hygrocybe aurantiolutescens is found in the same dune environments but unlike Hygrocybe conicoides, its flesh does not turn black.
Mid-life of the false-conical hygrophore
Found in coastal areas on sandy soil, the typical habitat of this uncommon species corresponds to destabilized gray dunes. Nevertheless, it presents a large ecological niche and can then be found from the white dune to the fixed black dune. Frequently gregarious but sometimes solitary, this hygrophore is often deeply anchored in the sand, its cap and a small portion of its foot are observable. The autumn season is the most favorable for its development.
Toxicity or culinary interest
Considered to be inedible, it is recommended avoid consuming this mushroom even if its toxicity has not been proven. Being an uncommon species, it is best to leave this fungus in place.
Species and varieties of Hygrocybe
Many species of Hygrophores are shaded from orange-red to reddish:
- Hygrocybe aurantiosplendens : Yellow-orange hygrphora, fatty cap, yellow-orange to red-orange
- Hygrocybe coccineocrenata : Hygrophore with crenellated brim, hat covered with small brown wicks
- Hygrocybe coccinea : Scarlet hygrophore, fat cap, scarlet red to orange-red
- Hygrocybe miniata : Vermilion hygrophore, dry or velvety cap, bright red to orange-red
- Hygrocybe punicea : Hygrophore culvert, greasy cap, dark red or vermilion red to yellow-orange
Caution : The information, photos and indications on this site are published for informational purposes only and should in no case replace the advice of a professional mycologist for the identification of fungi. Only with proper training or confirmation by a knowledgeable mycologist can you reliably identify a fungus. If in doubt, refrain from consuming a mushroom! The site cannot therefore be held responsible in the event of poisoning by the fungi present.
Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by www.aujardin.info.
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