Exposure to Covid-19 Affects Baby’s Nervous Development? Here’s the Study Findings

Suara.com – So far, births during the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic have been associated with higher neurodevelopmental delays than those born before the pandemic.

But, research JAMA Pediatrics Recently, infection with the Covid-19 coronavirus during pregnancy did not increase the chance of delayed neurodevelopment of the baby.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center established the COVID-19 Infant Outcome Initiative (COMBO) study in 2020 to study the association between exposure to the COVID-19 coronavirus while babies are still in the womb.

The researchers studied a cohort of infants who were exposed to the Covid-19 coronavirus during pregnancy with the same birth, birthday, sex and mode of delivery who were not exposed to the coronavirus.

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“Infants born to mothers infected with the Covid-19 coronavirus during pregnancy may be at high risk of developing neurodevelopmental deficits. So, we expected to find some changes in the neurodevelopment of infants whose mothers had coronavirus during pregnancy,” said Dr Dani Dumitriu, quoted from Fox News.

Ilustrasi Baby (Pixabay / Artist and zabiyaka)

As a result, they were surprised to find no evidence at all to suggest that exposure to the coronavirus in utero is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits.

In contrast, infants in the womb exposed to the corona virus were actually associated with slightly lower scores in various areas, such as motor and social skills.

Researchers studied 255 babies born during the 2020 pandemic, of whom 45 percent were exposed to the coronavirus while in the womb.

Then, the researchers compared the child development scores among these babies with 62 other babies born before the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The study found babies born during the 2020 pandemic had lower gross motor skills, fine motor skills, and problem solving scores compared to children born before the pandemic, regardless of whether they were exposed to the virus or not.

This study has several limitations, among others, it was only conducted in one location in New York City when the corona virus became the epicenter.

However, a report found that viral illness during pregnancy can increase the risk of neurodevelopmental delay by activating the immune system. In turn, this can affect a child’s brain development.

Other studies have also shown that the coronavirus is associated with health and birth complications for pregnant women, suggesting that babies born to mothers exposed to the coronavirus have a high risk of low birth weight.

Source: Suara.com – Berita Kesehatan Terkini by www.suara.com.

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