European Parliament approves reform of Common Agricultural Policy

The new CAP is in orbit. The European Parliament adopted the new Common Agricultural Policy on Tuesday 23 November. The reform adopted by the conservatives, the liberals and part of the social democrats will make it possible to change the situation, say its supporters, even if the ecologists, who voted against, believe that it will not be sufficient to protect the environment and fight against climate change. The CAP, of which France is the first beneficiary, has long been criticized for subsidizing mainly large landowners and agro-industrial firms.

“Agriculture will be fairer and more sustainable”, assured the chairman of the European Parliament’s committee on agriculture, the German conservative Norbert Lins, welcoming the biggest reform of the CAP since 1992.

YOUR INDICES

387 billion euros

The CAP, which represents around a third of the EU’s multiannual budget for the years 2021 to 2027, will have a total envelope of 387 billion euros dedicated to aid for farmers and rural development.

From 2023, date of entry into force of the reform, the payment of European money will be more conditional on compliance with environmentally friendly practices. The reform should make it possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions produced by the agricultural sector by 10% and will require that 20% of aid to farmers be devoted to “eco-regimes” over the period 2023-24, then 25% over the period. period 2025-2027. The term “eco-diet” is not precisely defined but by way of example, the text mentions organic farming or the recreation of wetlands to absorb CO2.

At least 10% of CAP funds will be paid to small farms and all subsidies will be conditional on compliance with environmental rules.

The reform also sets up a crisis fund of 450 million euros to deal with any dysfunction of agricultural markets in the event of a crisis, particularly health.

With Reuters (Ingrid Melander; French version Jean-Stéphane Brosse)


Source: UsineNouvelle – Actualités A la une by www.usinenouvelle.com.

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