European cat: what to know about this breed

European cat: colors, character, care tips

When it comes to European cat there is a great confusion. This is because here we have the habit of defining how “European cat” the classic mestizos most of us live with. It’s a bit like when we define “Siamese” any colourpoint colored cat, although that cat is clearly not a true Siamese (or not even a Thai for that matter). It would actually be better to define European-like mestizos as Soriani, leaving the name of European cats to the specimens truly belonging to this breed.

European cat: history and origins

Source: Pixabay

It is not known exactly what they were there history and origins of the European cat real, but it is assumed that his ancestors came from Nord Africa aboard merchant ships.

According to some theories it would descend fromancient Egyptian cat, which in turn arrived in Egypt from inland areas of North Africa. It seems that the Phoenicians captured cats and brought them with them on ships (sometimes even as an illegal trafficking of cats from Egypt to other countries).

Thank you Romanian, then, the European cat spread throughout Europe, even arriving in England.

Just to create further confusion, until 1982 there were two short-haired cat breeds defined as European:

  • Short-haired European bred in Great Britain and in Europe in general: it was obtained by crossing common cats with long-haired Persians. Since 1982 this variant has been called British Shorthair
  • European short-haired Scandinavian: it was obtained from common cats. It is this variant that from 1982-1983 can be called as a European cat, complete with FIFe breed standard

This is very important: the true one European short-haired breed it actually derives from crosses of common domestic or tabby cats, but is currently the result of a precise selection and codified genealogical lines. THE common tabby cats that we find in our courtyards are incorrectly defined as “Europeans” as they are mestizos, not the fruit of breeding.

Appearance and coat color of the European cat

European gray and white brindle cat
Source: Pixabay

The European cat, by FIFe breed standard, is a medium-large sized cat with a muscular body and a broad chest, with evident neck and shoulders. There head it is quite large and rounded (forehead and skull are slightly rounded), although less than that of a British Shorthair. The nose it is straight, while there is a slight depression near the eyes

the ears they are of medium size, straight, well spaced and as long as the width of the base. They are rounded at the tip and may or may not have hair on the tips. The eyes they are round and of a color that varies according to the type of coat. The legs are robust, rounded, while the tail is large at the base and rounded tip.

The coat it has a thick, short coat and must be soft and shiny, flat. If the hair is straight, it is considered a defect.

Come coat colors, all natural colors are allowed:

  • nero
  • White
  • rosso
  • blu
  • cream

All these colors can be brindle or monochromatic, with or without white spots. We can therefore have the European cat black, white, the European brindle cat (also silver), the European orange cat, the turtle scale, the two-tone white-black, white-orange and so on. However the classic European cat is a tabby, which is why we can also make it fall into the category of brindle animals.

The eyes colour it is associated with that of the coat: the eyes can be yellow, green or orange. Granted blue eyes and unequal eyes only in white coat (often, however, white cats with blue eyes, even unequal, are deaf). The following colors are not allowed:


European cats
Source: Pixabay

Come character the European cat is an active, lively cat, smart and clever. The temperament is very variable: some love to be pampered, others tend to be more on their own, being more independent.

It’s a curious cat and very sensitive to the moods of his human.

It has a distinctiveness instinct for hunting, therefore, watch out for coexistence with other possible prey animals such as hamsters, gerbils, birds or fish. It is an extremely adaptable cat: it can live peacefully in an apartment, if enriched enough to satisfy its psychophysical needs, but it can also live outside.

It has a good resistance to low temperatures and, if properly socialized as a child, it can also live with other cats or dogs. We tend to think that females are more docile and affectionate than males, but in reality a lot depends on the character of the individual.

Some studies (we put the link to the one made by Mikel Delgado for the University of California at Berkley and published in Anthrozoos magazine) tried to figure out if the character of the European cat could partly depend on the color of the coat. From these data it would seem that cats with light coats are more dominant, while those with dark coats are more docile.

Personal opinion: in daily practice, in reality, what I have noticed is that the tricolor females or the tortoise scales tend to be more nervous than other colors. And that female black cats can sometimes have a somewhat peppery character.

Nutrition, health and disease

From the point of view ofPower supply, the European cat does not present particular needs. If you opt for a commercial diet, made up of kibble or cans, you need to choose good quality foods capable of satisfying your nutritional needs. Dog foods, on the other hand, are not suitable for cats – they are too low in protein and may induce one deficiency of taurine, resulting in the development of a form of dilated myocardiopathy.

It is also possible to create ahome nutrition, but not made of waste. The ration must be composed of the right balance of proteins of animal origin, fatty carbohydrates, vitamins and fatty acids, duly integrated with taurine as well. Vegetarian or vegan diets are not recommended in cats: the cat is a strict carnivore animal, even more so than the dog. If you want your pet to go on a vegan diet, you should start with animals that are already vegetarians, such as rabbits or guinea pigs.

Diseases of the European cat

The European cat does not suffer from particular breed pathologies. He can contract the illnesses which are typical and common for all cats. Among the most frequent:

  • FIV (Feline Viral Immunodeficiency Syndrome), FeLV (Feline Viral Leukemia) and FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis)
  • Viral rhinotracheitis with herpesvirus conjunctivitis
  • Calicivirosis with ulcers
  • Viral gastroenteritis due to feline viral panleukopenia
  • Eosinophilic granuloma (variously localized)
  • Cystitis, FUS, Flutd and Feline Urological Syndrome
  • Triaditis (cholangiohepatitis, pancreatitis and enteritis)
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperthyroidism

Difference between the European cat and the common Tabby cat

European red cats
Source: Pixabay

We have already talked about it here and there: it is there confusion between the European cat and the common Tabby cat. And this is because, technically, the true European breed derives from crosses of common cats, for which appearance and coat colors are similar. However, the European cat is the purebred one, which derives from specific breeding and is endowed with Pedigree, while the Tabby is a common mixed breed cat that has a coat color that resembles that of the European.

Having said this, it is inevitable that, due to habit, the common Syrian cats will continue to be defined inaccurately as Europe.

Curiosities about the European cat

Here are a few curiosity about the European cat:

  • The price of a real Europe cat of breed can start from 500 and reach 1,000 euros or even more, it depends on the breeding, the genealogy and the particularity of the coat. The Common Tabby, on the other hand, being a half-breed should not be charged (at the maximum reimbursement of expenses for the management of the puppy, vaccines, microchips and deworming, but this is at the discretion of the kitten owner)
  • How long does a European cat live? The average life span of European cats is about 15 years old
  • The European is a cat breed that tends to vocalize in a variable way
  • It is not easy to find breeding of real European cats as their cloak, common to the Sorians, does not make them particularly “Palatable”

The European cat, an irreplaceable life partner

The European cat is an irreplaceable life partner. The same applies to the mestizo variant of the Sorians. They are cheerful, active and cats funny who are very fond of their humans, while remaining in them a certain vein of independence and stubbornness.

Source: GreenStyle by

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