European Union residents recognize climate change as the greatest challenge for humanity in this century, but are skeptical about successfully reducing carbon emissions by 2050 and do not believe that their countries share citizens’ concerns about the climate crisis.

Only respondents from China (93% of respondents) and a small majority of Americans (51%) believe that their country will meet its obligations to reduce carbon emissions by 2050, as promised by the Paris Agreement, while a minority of EU citizens are convinced. (42%), showed the European Investment Bank (EIB) climate survey for 2021-2022.

EU citizens (75%) think that they themselves are more worried about the climate crisis than their country. In contrast, respondents from China (69%) believe that their government is more concerned about the climate emergency than the citizens themselves, the EIB said in a statement.

In China, 41% of respondents cite the fact that people do not want to change their behavior as the main reason why it is difficult to solve the climate crisis.

EIB research conducted in 30 countries shows that the majority of citizens of the European Union (EU), Great Britain, USA, and China believe that climate change and its consequences are the greatest challenge of humanity in the 21st century, which is especially dominant among younger people.

People around the world are pushing for tougher measures that would impose changes in people’s behavior, in order to solve the climate crisis: 91% of respondents from China, 70% of EU citizens and 60% of Americans would support those measures.

When asked about the energy source that their country should rely on to fight global warming, they emphasize the need to use renewable energy.

While EU citizens (63%) and Chinese (60%) are mostly in favor of renewable energy, this is the case with only 50% of Americans.

Support for natural gas as a transitional energy source is low, but compared to other sources it is higher among Americans (18% is for natural gas) than in other regions (in China it is 13% for, in the EU 6%).

Nuclear energy is a more popular option among Britons (15%) and EU citizens (12%) than among Americans (9%) and respondents from China (5%).

Many respondents believe that the most sustainable source of energy for resolving the climate crisis is the one that is not used: 22% of respondents from China, 17% of Americans and EU citizens, as well as 16% of Britons stated that energy saving should be a priority.

There is also an opinion that it is necessary to promote education and raise awareness among children about sustainable consumption, as well as the introduction of taxes on products and services that contribute the most to global warming.

EIB Vice President Ambroise Fayol said that despite certain generational and socio-demographic divisions, the vast majority of people in all countries surveyed want to be helped to fight climate change by tougher measures and means, such as cleaner energy sources.

“The role of the EIB as the EU’s climate bank is to finance projects that focus on clean energy, energy savings, sustainable mobility solutions and innovations that help limit temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius or lower,” he said.

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