Ethiopia continues its intransigence and is working to impose a fait accompli on the Nile River estuary states, Egypt and Sudan, with regard to the Renaissance Dam negotiations. Addis Ababa has completed the first round of filling the dam’s reservoirs and announced that it will start the second round next July and refuses to sign any binding agreement to manage and operate the dam, and Ethiopia has also announced that it will not accept any country imposing on it a method of using the water of the Nile River or placing conditions on it that prevent The river water is used in the appropriate way.
On the other hand, Sudan announced that it would not allow Ethiopia to impose a de-facto policy regarding the crisis of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, while the bloody coup regime led by Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi has no presence either on the battlefield or outside it because it is biased in favor of Ethiopia more than defending the Egyptian people and the country’s national security. The “Agreement of Principles” in Khartoum in 2015, which served as a legalization for the construction of the Ethiopian dam, according to which Addis Ababa obtained international funding to complete its construction.
The Ethiopian position was expressed by Dina Mufti, a spokesman for the Ethiopian Foreign Ministry, who accused (unnamed) parties of seeking to thwart the efforts of the African Union in the Renaissance Dam crisis, so that the crisis is not resolved through an African mechanism. Whereas, “Yilma Seleshi,” a member of the Ethiopian delegation to the Renaissance Dam negotiations, stressed that there is nothing legally binding on him to commit to the negotiation.
Seleshi said: There is no reason for us to continue negotiations if the downstream countries do not want that, accusing Khartoum of working to disrupt the negotiations because of its political cooperation with the Sisi regime.
On Sudan’s position on Ethiopian intransigence and Addis Ababa’s attempts to impose a de-facto policy, Mohamed El Faki Suleiman, spokesperson for the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, said that Sudan will not allow Ethiopia to impose a de-facto policy regarding the Renaissance Dam crisis.
In a press statement, Suleiman indicated that Ethiopia is pursuing the policies of imposing a fait accompli, as it filled the first without consultations, and headed to the second filling without an agreement, which we have seen is clear. Stressing that his country has taken very strict and resolute stances, not only on the issue of filling, but also joint management, due to the impact of the Renaissance Dam on the Sudanese Rasiris Dam.
Suleiman stressed that Sudan’s position is based on the fact that this matter will not be repeated again, because the policy of imposing a fait accompli will not proceed and will not allow it.
Children of Zayed
Regarding the position of the bloody coup regime on the developments of the Renaissance Dam file, diplomatic sources in the African Union revealed that the Abdel Fattah al-Sisi regime is relying on the role of the “Zayed’s children” and their intervention to urge Ethiopia to sign a binding agreement and close the case file.
The sources said that South Africa had conducted secret high-level contacts with Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, separately, to make a breakthrough in the file of the Renaissance Dam negotiations, before the transition of the presidency of the Union from South Africa to the Congo.
She indicated that these moves coincide with a one-day visit by a delegation from the UAE Foreign Ministry to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, as part of an initiative to support the stalled Renaissance Dam negotiations, according to the sources.
The Sudanese News Agency “SUNA” claimed that the Emirati visit came within the framework of an Emirati effort “to bridge the gap between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia and break the deadlock in the negotiations of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.” It quoted a Sudanese source as saying: “The Emirati delegation met officials in the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Irrigation, and listened. To explain in detail Sudan’s position in the dam file, stressing that “the Emirati Children of Zayed initiative did not come at a request from Khartoum.”
On the mistakes of the negotiation path, Dr. Abbas Sharaqi, a professor of water resources at Cairo University, said: Sudan should have adhered to being a partner with Egypt in making operational decisions during the Renaissance Dam negotiations in accordance with Article 5 of the Declaration of Principles signed in March 2015, which states “cooperation in The first filling and management of the dam »not a future for data, indicating that the failure of negotiations was expected.
In a press statement, Sharaqi said that Sudan had demanded in recent months the necessity of exchanging information regarding the operation of the dam to ensure the safety of the Rossaires dam, so Ethiopia responded by confirming that it is looking for an effective mechanism to implement this modest demand at the negotiating table.
He called on Egypt and Sudan to be satisfied with 7 months of negotiations under the auspices of the African Union, and to submit a joint memorandum to the African Union that includes the Ethiopian violations of these negotiating rounds, including taking individual decisions and imposing a de facto policy of storing 5 billion cubic meters last July and announcing another storage of 13 billion cubic meters in the same way. Next July, in addition to the demand not to increase the middle passage of the dam, which is the first step in storage until an agreement is reached that satisfies all parties.
“Sharaqi” stressed the need to unify the Egyptian-Sudanese vision to go to the Security Council and demand that Ethiopia not take any measures that would top the middle corridor and storage for a second time, until agreement on the filling and operating rules.
Regarding some stage beyond the failure of the negotiations, several scenarios are expected:
First: Calling the President of the Union to hold a mini-summit to save the negotiations at the end of this week.
Second: Receiving reports from the Foreign Minister of South Africa and the three countries and consuming time until the EU presidency is handed over to the DRC at the beginning of February.
Third: Writing a report on the progress of the negotiations and their failure and submitting it to the Security Council to exercise its responsibilities in maintaining peace and security.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
*The article has been translated based on the content of بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com. If there is any problem regarding the content, copyright, please leave a report below the article. We will try to process as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author. Thank you very much!
*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.
*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!