Erkki Bahovski: one or two Chinese

Erkki Bahovski.

Erkki Bahovski.

The issue of recognizing Taiwan has become more acute than ever as the US-China confrontation intensifies.

Why this is the case and what Estonia should do in the current situation are important questions, considering our allied relations with the USA.

In short, the historical background to Sino-Taiwanese relations is as follows. In 1949, the Communists, under Mao Zedong, conquered mainland China, and the nationalist Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-shek, was forced to retreat to Taiwan. Since then, there have been two Chinese.

But the Communists did not reach international recognition immediately. When the United Nations was founded in 1945, China was represented there by Taiwan. This situation changed against the background of the warming of US-China relations during the Cold War, so that the United Nations recognized Red China in 1971 and Taiwan had to leave the world organization. The following year, US President Richard Nixon visited Red China, marking a turning point in US-China relations. In 1979, the United States recognized Red China diplomatically, at the same time concluding a defense agreement with Taiwan. Beijing says Taiwan has no right to independent statehood and is angry at countries that have political relations with Taiwan.

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Source: Lääne Elu by online.le.ee.

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