Energy independence and prospects for natural gas in the Polish energy transformation – Perspectives for Poland

GAZ-SYSTEM is a national transmission operator that consistently implements the government’s strategy of diversifying the sources and directions of gas supplies to Poland.

The company’s current investment plan includes over 30 major infrastructure projects. Its key element is the Baltic Pipe project. The result of the implementation of this project will be the creation of a new corridor for natural gas supplies to Poland, alternative to the Yamal pipeline, with a capacity of 10 billion cubic meters. annually.

Apart from the Baltic Pipe, significant investments in line with the diversification plan are: the North-South gas corridor, interconnectors with Lithuania and Slovakia, and the expansion of the LNG terminal in Świnoujście. Construction works are carried out on all of the aforementioned projects.

By 2023, GAZ-SYSTEM’s priority is to complete all strategic diversification projects involving the construction of new or expansion of the existing gas entry points to Poland.

At the same time, the company designs and plans further investment activities aimed at strengthening the national transmission system in order to be able to efficiently distribute gas obtained from new sources in Poland.

In the long term, blue fuel can play an important role in the climate transformation process as a stabilizing factor and complementing peak consumption in an energy system that uses renewable energy sources.

On the other hand, in the next decade, natural gas will be a key element in the decarbonisation of the Polish economy and an important element of the Polish energy mix. In the process of moving towards a zero-emission economy, natural gas is considered a necessary low-carbon energy source in the transition period.

In March 2021, GAZ-SYSTEM published the “National ten-year transmission system development plan (KDPR) for the years 2022–2031” – a document that identifies the future needs of the Polish economy related to gaseous fuel and defines a comprehensive action plan for the transmission operator for the next decade.

In KDPR, GAZ-SYSTEM indicates how the goals set out in the “Poland’s Energy Policy until 2040” will be achieved. They concern, among others, the country’s energy security, liberalization of the Polish gas market and its integration with the markets of neighboring countries, as well as to reduce emissions and improve air quality.

According to the calculations included in the KDPR, in the ten-year perspective, even by 50%. in annual terms, the market demand for natural gas will increase. On the other hand, the demand for gas during the peak day may periodically increase by over 100%. against the previously recorded demand records from 2019–2021.

The electricity and heating sectors will be the recipients generating the highest gas consumption. The list of the most important new connection tasks includes, among others connection to the gas grid of the largest Polish energy and heat producers, including Dolna Odra, Kozienice and Ostrołęka.

The company is currently implementing investments in all 16 voivodeships in Poland. Currently, over 1,270 km of gas pipelines are under construction. Another almost 860 km of gas pipelines are at the stage of preparing project documentation and obtaining permits. The length of the national gas transmission network will increase to 13.1 thousand kilometers in the next ten years. km out of the current 11 thous. km, which means that over 2 thous. km of new gas pipelines.

GAZ-SYSTEM is also expanding the existing compressor stations, and in the coming decade it will also build three more from scratch. Thanks to these investments, the capacity of gas compressor stations installed in Poland will more than double.

The GAZ-SYSTEM Development Plan, apart from building new gas entry points to Poland, assumes further strengthening of the internal energy system by expanding gas storage facilities in Poland.

The ambitious plan for the expansion of the transmission system and further investments by GAZ-SYSTEM, opening Poland to new directions of gas supplies, are an expression of consistency in building the country’s energy security. In addition, they create new opportunities for gasification of the electricity and heating sectors, and thus the prospect of improving air quality in Poland.

Source: Rzeczpospolita

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