Encounters, guerrillas, devastation: this is how the neo-fascists took the no vax squares to put pressure on the Brothers of Italy

There is a year and a half of dangerous relations between citizen movements against the vaccine and the green certificate, fascist thugs in search of the limelight, parties thirsty for votes, to explain the shame of Saturday, October 9th and try to understand what could happen. The assault on the headquarters of the CGIL union, the capital of Italy hostage to the extremists of Forza Nuova but also the future scenarios, given the composite galaxy that stirs the movement against the green pass. With images that are likely to be repeated in the next major public events in the capital and beyond that see their culmination in the G20 scheduled for later this month.

There are similarities with the past, according to investigators who fish out the season of bad teachers and those who played with the squares: because today as yesterday whoever demonstrates is carried away by the most disparate demands. And it is up to politics, to Matteo Salvini’s League and Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy, to prevent the past from repeating itself. Today’s far right is already ready to take this square, starting with Forza Nuova, which has been working for at least a year and a half to animate the protest and grab power.


What happened in Rome is not the consequence of chance, but the arrival of a path that Roberto Fiore and Giuliano Castellino, who took the reins of Forza Nuova from Rome down after the internal fracture with the headquarters of the North and of the so-called “splinters” led by Giustino D’Uva and the Patriots Network, have been planning for some time. Ride the resentment sparked by the pandemic. Infiltrate groups on social networks that convey discontent no longer intercepted by the League and only partially by Fdi. The Carabinieri del Ros have been following the actions of Forza Nuova for over a year, above all, but also of CasaPound which fishes in the same basin despite having strong contrasts with the movement of Fiore and Castellino. And they recorded a steady increase in tension from April last year until the events in Rome.

Gone are the splinters of the Patriots’ Network, who did not share the choices of the historical leaders of Forza Nuova to return to movementists, abandoning the possibility of standing for the vote, Fiore began to stir up the protest. At the beginning with poor results: the first event linked to Covid-19, that of No Mask on 20 April 2020, records a reduced participation, even if in many squares from Rome to Naples and Palermo the Ros report a strong presence of men of New and partly strength of CasaPound.

Fiore and his followers then sneak into the chats with more subscribers that grow on Telegram from the summer of 2020 onwards. It is no coincidence that in October the carabinieri, with their antennas aimed at far-right movements, analyze other actions: on October 24 in Piazza del Popolo a first demonstration against the masks and the government’s impositions on Covid-19, where a new axis between Forza Nuova with sectors of the ultras of Lazio and Rome, then the clashes will take place in Viale Flaminio; on 25 October a protest against masks that always sees the far right movements among the participants and an incendiary bottle is thrown at the carabinieri; on October 27 in the Prati district there are scuffles between police and members of Forza Nuova and CasaPound; on October 28 the same scene is repeated in Ostia where, however, the Ros specify, there are also insults and threats between Forza Nuova and CasaPound as two teams playing in the same field but as opponents. On 31 October another demonstration, that of the “tricolor masks”, and here too a strong presence of exponents of the two far-right movements.

Fiore to recover resources after the exit of the splinters creates an acronym, Area, where a series of extra-parliamentary right-wing groups converge: San Giovanni group, home of patriots, Evita Peron Community, Avant-garde Community, National Solidarity Committee, Castelli Romani militant community , just to name a few. Then the second pillar of the tension strategy comes into play: manipulating Telegram chats. Among those that the carabinieri indicate as manipulated also by right-wing exponents are Warriors for freedom (40 thousand members), No green pass now enough (18 thousand), Generation of popular fire that advances (4 thousand).

After the blaze of October 2020, the tension is contained, until May 2021 when the protests of the traders are rekindled under the acronym “I open”. Fiore and Castellino also try to wedge themselves here, looking for a clash with the police, as in the demonstration organized by the traders between the Bocca della Verità and Piazza Venezia. But they do not succeed and Castellino scolds the promoters of the demonstration because they have not endorsed the incidents with the police.

The two leaders of Forza Nuova do not give up and, after the summer, they are back in action in September. On September 1st they call everyone to protest in front of the railway stations and the offices of the Regions, but participation is very low. The Ros have noted numerous demonstrations against vaccines and green passes: on 6 September Forza Nuova participates in the demonstration launched on Telegram by the “no Green pass” and from Piazza del Popolo they try to break the block and head towards Piazza Montecitorio in the middle of the night.

The tension rises. On September 14, a gazebo of a pharmacy in Trastevere where tampons were made is on fire, on 16 September another gazebo was destroyed in via Taranto, San Giovanni area. On 18 September in Piazza Santi Apostoli, not only exponents of Forza Nuova, but also the splinters of the Rete dei patrioti led by D’Uva and the militants of CasaPound, with Castellino criticizing the other two factions because, according to him, institutionalized, having even requested authorization from the Police Headquarters for this event. On 25 September Castellino instead participates in the protests against the Green pass in Piazza San Giovanni.

Every Saturday in the streets of the center of Rome, the Ros are recorded, Forza Nuova organizes small processions. CasaPound does not leave the squares in Forza Nuova, but prefers to disguise itself. The movement led by Luca Marsella still points to the institutional path, that is the electoral one, so much so that some members of CasaPound are candidates in Rome on the lists in support of Enrico Michetti and above all with the Lega, a party that with the leadership of Matteo Salvini has always had an intense dialogue with this area of ​​the extreme right: in the XIII municipality, Simone Montagna, a militant from CasaPound, is a candidate, as in the XI municipality in the lists of the League appears Alessandro Calvo, another activist of the movement.

The Forza Nuova strategy, which has always had a strong dialogue with the Brothers of Italy, is now more aggressive. Take over the streets to have a bargaining chip with the right-wing parties. Indeed, with the right-wing party: Brothers of Italy.


We arrive at 9 October. The doctor awaiting suspension Pasquale Mario Bacco, originally from Salerno, a candidacy for the Chamber with CasaPound and author of the book “State Massacre” together with the former Undersecretary of the Interior in the Prodi I government elected with the Dini list, and now ex magistrate, Angelo Giorgianni, with the preface by the procurator of Catanzaro Nicola Gratteri, was not in Piazza del Popolo. Bacchus felt a strange sensation. The conditions for a guerrilla war. Why on earth, in a year and a half of messages, phone calls and meetings, those of Forza Nuova had so exposed themselves. Chief Roberto Fiore and his deputy Giuliano Castellino had offered him a role at the top of Forza Nuova. An expendable face, a doctor, to gather more consensus among the no vax.

Bacchus meditated on it between a conference, a rally and a speech with pandemic deniers such as former grillina deputy Sara Cunial. He had met Matteo Salvini in the Chamber and then Giorgia Meloni. And he had received an insistent courtship, which flattered him, and certainly how can one be immune from it, there is no vaccine for vanity, to the political caresses of the Apulian deputy and coordinator of Fdi Marcello Gemmato: candidacies, programs, success. There was fatigue. Two events a day, the stage here, the train there, once a guest of the Salvinians, another of the Melonians: “The right-wing parties have raised us, they have provided us with the necessary support to obtain the authorizations and bear the costs . More than any other ».

Doctor Bacchus, who contested the pandemic and the government’s measures, and then founded the World Life Organization with the magistrate Giorgianni. The international conspiracy theorists well branched out in South America and then scattered between Oman, Cyprus, Malta, Germany, France, Spain and Central European Europe: “Fdi had proposed that we go to the European Parliament to talk about vaccines”, he whispers in tone of those who know that they risk exaggerating. Salvini and Meloni were intrigued by the ability to aggregate, by the mass created from nothing.

As long as the interest has “waned” over time, the advent of Mario Draghi normalized the League and softened the appearance of the Brothers of Italy, the electoral campaign was drawing to a close, the no masks and no vaccines had perhaps become more harmful than useful, and those of Forza Nuova have taken over. Bacchus was not surprised. From the first moment they were on the street among the people a little angry and a little denier, there next to the Salvinians and the Melonians without being able to easily distinguish them. But Bacchus noticed an excessive activism of Castellino in Piazza del Popolo that communicates what Fiore suggests. They had prepared the tricolor pulpit, studied the route and sent invitations to the groups: «If Fiore has been filmed with his face uncovered, there is a reason. I am aware of contacts between representatives of Forza Nuova and the Brothers of Italy».

Giorgianni exchanged the microphone with Castellino, Bacchus witnessed the CGIL “catch” from afar: «It’s disgusting. We have nothing to do with violence. We have become clowns ». “Guys, never seen such a thing. They put us under with armored vehicles. Bodies to bodies of half an hour. Go inside. We are still under siege! », Wrote Castellino with a selfie to seal the company sent to his entire column. The showdown by Fiore and his associates served to put pressure, to demonstrate to the friends of Fdi that that “people”, thousands of orphaned voters of representation, is now the stuff of Fn and that if they want it back, they must take it back and brush up on the old compromises .

The shy reaction of Giorgia Meloni, who took three days to dissociate and condemn without periphrasis, testifies the profound ambiguities of the Brothers of Italy and its disturbing proximity to that tour. That the investigated and supervised Castellino was the manager of the demonstration, as illustrated by the facts, anyone and everyone knew, even to the Digos agents, had announced the will to lead the unauthorized procession towards the headquarters of the CGIL (not being able to approach Palazzo Chigi). These certainties produce two annotations: the first that those responsible for public order have seriously underestimated the story, the second that Castellino and his associates blocked, the most violent part is dismantled. And this reassures the security apparatuses on the eve of other protests for the green pass and the arrival in Rome of the great of the Earth for the G20.

In the government, however, there is fear that the G20 could attract foreign no masks and no vaccines, produce an emulation effect, transform the summit into the world sanctuary of deniers. Forza Nuova is very Roman, but Fiore has membership in the fascist-inspired groups of Europe. Prevention with intelligence is crucial. The behavior of the right-wing parties is fundamental. In that electoral and ideological space differently presided over a duel between CasaPound and Forza Nuova has been held for years, reflecting the duel between Salvini and Meloni. Since the pandemic, the duels have taken place in the vast and dark terrain of the deniers. Either the parties remove any fascist drive or it will be overwhelmed.

Source: L'Espresso – News, inchieste e approfondimenti Espresso by espresso.repubblica.it.

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