Cogeneration – electrical and thermal energy from gas
Cogeneration is the process when gas is converted into electricity and thermal energy in an environmentally friendly and efficient way.
We live in a world where there is an increased need for energy sources, but also a desire to contribute to stopping climate change. That is why energy producers face a complex task – to provide energy for the further development of the global economy at affordable prices and to do it in a way that will contribute to the improvement of environmental protection.
Although oil companies are primarily associated with the production of energy from fossil fuels, global trends have made oil companies also devote themselves to the energy transition.
Some companies have started projects to obtain electricity from renewable sources, such as the Sun and wind, and it seems that this turn in business is going quite well for them.
Thus, on the Shell Energy portal, it can be seen that this company supplies as many as 1.4 million households with so-called green energy. France’s Total is heavily involved in solar energy, while Norway’s Equinor is doing quite well with electricity generation projects using windmills and solar panels.
These global trends have not bypassed Serbia either. Our largest oil company, NIS, started electricity production projects back in 2013, when the cogeneration program was implemented. This program involves the simultaneous production of heat and electricity from natural gas, which is a more environmentally friendly fuel than, for example, coal.
What is cogeneration?
Cogeneration converts gas into electrical and thermal energy in an environmentally friendly and efficient way. For these purposes, gas is used, which due to the high presence of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, was not used before, that is, it was burned on a torch. Now, by using this gas for energy production, NIS achieves significant business benefits, but also contributes to environmental protection because gas emissions into the atmosphere have been reduced. When it comes to business effects, the company uses thermal energy for its own needs, while the excess electricity produced is sold on the domestic market. The cogeneration program also meant the beginning of electricity trading for NIS, and this company is now present on the electricity market in Serbia and the region. Small power plants where gas is processed were built by NIS at eight locations in Serbia, in oil and gas fields, and more than 20 million euros were invested in this program. In addition to Serbia, NIS also started electricity production in Romania, at the Zombolj gas field, and the company sells the produced electricity on the local market.
Zelena agenda NIS-a
Wanting to contribute to the improvement of the ecological picture of the whole of Serbia, NIS also implements other projects within the framework of its green agenda and energy transition. One of the best examples of investments that realize significant business and environmental effects at the same time is “Deep Refining” in the Pancevo Oil Refinery. This facility is worth more than 300 million euros, and enables NIS to produce the most valuable fuels. At the same time, this complex brings numerous environmental benefits – stopping the production of fuel oil with a high sulfur content and reducing emissions of gases and powdery substances into the air.
Also, NIS has started installing solar panels for electricity generation at its gas stations. As part of the first phase of this project, solar panels will be installed at eight NIS Petrol and GAZPROM stations. It is expected that in this way, annual savings in the procurement of electricity of almost 300 MWh will be achieved, along with an annual reduction of carbon dioxide emissions of 375 tons.
In addition, in Elemir near Zrenjain, NIS put into operation the Amin plant in 2016. The operation of this modern plant, in which more than 30 million euros have been invested, enables an increase in the quality of domestic natural gas, through the extraction of carbon dioxide and other gas impurities, while at the same time it contributes to an increase in the volume of gas production. This project also has a significant ecological component, because the method of gas processing is such that it completely prevents carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere and thus contributes to the reduction of the “greenhouse” effect.
By the way, since 2009, NIS has invested more than 900 million euros in environmental projects and business initiatives that have significantly improved the state of the environment in Serbia. NIS has marked the green agenda as one of the pillars of its strategic development, and will continue with the implementation of numerous environmental projects in the coming period, the company states.
NIS company’s support for ecological projects – Kanjiža got a new eco park
Source: BIZlife by bizlife.rs.
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