Eighth round of talks to revive nuclear peace with Iran

BarcelonaVienna is hosting the eighth round of talks on Monday to revive the nuclear deal with Iran, which Donald Trump blew up in 2017, two years after major powers agreed with Tehran on a mechanism to prevent the regime from ayatollahs could use their nuclear power plants to develop atomic weapons. At the meeting, officials from Iran’s new ultra-conservative government announced that they were working on an “acceptable” draft and that they were willing to stay in Vienna until an agreement was reached.

“We need to get to the point where Iranian oil can be easily exported without restrictions and the money from that oil can be transferred in foreign currencies to the accounts of Iranian banks,” Foreign Minister Hossein Amir said. Abdollahian. Tehran, which is suffering from a terrible economic crisis with sanctions re-imposed by the United States, which has frightened European oil multinationals, needs to lift them, and to achieve this it has not stopped increasing uranium enrichment levels. which has alarmed the European powers, which tried to keep the pact after the disbandment of Washington.

According to the foreign minister, the negotiators are working on two texts: the first, referring to the nature of US sanctions and the way to verify that they are raised “not only on paper, but in practice.” , as claimed a few months ago by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei; the second details the steps that the Iranian nuclear program must follow to return to the requirements demanded in 2015, which involve a strict international verification of activity at its plants. Ultimately, what Iran is proposing is that they guarantee a volume of oil and industrial exports before agreeing to return to those requirements.

Oil in exchange for compliance

Tehran fears European companies may be reluctant to invest in the country for fear that Washington could return to sanctions in 2025 if there is a change of color in the White House, as happened when Trump withdrew from the deal.

Although the talks are very complex, Tehran is apparently trying to inject optimism into the process. On Sunday, at the gates of the new round of negotiations, the Iranian nuclear authority pledged not to continue enriching uranium above 60% purity, in a signal to allay the concerns of Russian negotiators, who had warned that if Tehran exceeded 90%, required to power atomic bombs, the European powers would respond with a knock on the door.

The talks take place directly between Iran, Russia, China, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the EU, but Washington and Tehran only maintain dialogue indirectly, through third parties. The current president of the United States, Joe Biden, has taken steps to regain the agreement, but his great ally, and the other great actor in the region, Israel, is doing everything he can to block the dialogue, because he considers Iran an existential threat. Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid once again put it in black and white today in a statement to Parliament just hours before the resumption of talks in Vienna: “We prefer to act in international cooperation, but if necessary, we will act alone. , we will defend ourselves ”.

Meanwhile, the EU, which played a major role in signing the pact in 2015, is trying to make its voice heard. Spanish diplomat Enrique Mora, coordinator of the negotiations, says that “the time has come to make difficult political decisions.”

Source: Ara.cat – Portada by www.ara.cat.

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