Turkey is struggling with a major water emergency caused by long and stressful periods of drought resulting from climate change.
I climate changes upset the habits of the people of Istanbul hit by a pressing Drought. Phenomenon that could leave her without more water in just forty-five days, a direct consequence of the scarce if not absent rainfalls of recent times.
A problem that could affect not only the seventeen million inhabitants of the Turkish city, but also many of the large areas of the country itself. According to water management expert Akgün İlhan, in force at the Istanbul Policy Center, the country would manage theemergency the wrong way.
Instead of sipping thedelivery by keeping consumption under control, in order to gain important water reserves for the city, Turkey has invested in the construction of many dams. Massive building works that have engaged it in the last two decades, without creating valid alternatives for the population itself.
Istanbul however, it does not seem to be the only city in Turkey to face this kind of water emergency. Izmir and Bursa also seem to have to contend with scarce water resources and that could end soon.
The absence of rains and rainfall have negatively impacted the water resources of these two cities by drastically reducing the water available. Izmir can only count on about 36%, while the Bursa dams are only about 24% full, with a direct impact on crops local people who are struggling to survive and will soon have no more water available.
Drought and climate change keep Turkey in check
The culprits of this prolonged drought are precisely climate change, a slow but constant path that for decades has been stressing Turkey from the point of view of its natural resources. A very low annual availability of 1346 cubic meters of water per person, a condition that the country has known well since the 1980s, but which has undergone a drastic worsening.
He continues it urbanization and investments in wild industrialization are upsetting the physiognomy of the country’s green territories. A problem also aggravated by an increase in the population and the relative increase in consumption.
According to Ümit Şahin, a climate change expert and teacher at Istanbul’s Sabancı University, the government has not given the right priority to this kind of issue. It has not invested in resource conservation, in particular of the water sources very present in the territory, but not adequately exploited. Thus subjecting the population to a condition of constant emergency.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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