Do you have difficulty swallowing? SERIOUS conditions that may be hidden behind this BANAL symptom

Do you have difficulty swallowing? Dysphagia is the difficulty in swallowing, so food passes from the mouth to the stomach. The difficulty may be in the oral or pharyngeal phase (swallowing food), in the esophageal phase (when food passes from the esophagus to the stomach).

Dysphagia, although it can occur at any age, is more common among the elderly (25% of those over 70 suffer from it), and can be mild – difficulty swallowing, the feeling that food is blocking swallowing at some point – or severe (aphagia). ) inability to swallow something.

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The most severe degrees can lead to weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition if left untreated, and even aspirations – the passage of food through the airways – which can lead to lung complications or suffocation.

Finding the causes and treating them is the best way to get rid of these complications.

What are the symptoms of dysphagia?

Difficulty swallowing or inability to swallow is the main symptom of dysphagia, but may be accompanied by other symptoms, as Mayo Clinic.

• Swallowing pain (odynophagia)

• Feeling that food is stuck in your throat or chest.

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• Saliva

• Regurgitare

• Heartburn and reflux

• Swallowing cough

In the presence of these symptoms, you should always consult a doctor, but with some urgency if they are accompanied by weight loss, vomiting or respiratory problems.

Why does dysphagia occur?

Do you have difficulty swallowing? Dysphagia is not a disease in itself, but a symptom, and there may be multiple pathologies or conditions behind it.

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Depending on the type of dysphagia, the origin may be one or the other. The Spanish Digestive Foundation divides them into:

Oropharyngeal dysphagia:

Dysphagia is a fairly common syndrome that affects quality of life and causes difficulty swallowing. Its prevalence is higher with age, as indicated by the Spanish Association of Gastroenterology (AEGASTRO).

Ce this dysphagia oropharyngiană?

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• Diseases of the oropharyngeal wall: Zenker’s diverticulum, tumors of the otolaryngological area and radiotherapy for their treatment (larynx, pharynx, thyroid, oropharyngeal membranes or infections (bacterial, candidiasis, herpes…).

• Neurological diseases: stroke, Parkinson’s disease, tumors of the central nervous system, dementia, multiple sclerosis, ALS… It is normal for these pathologies to be diagnosed before the onset of dysphagia.

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• Muscle diseases: muscular dystrophies, myasthenia gravis, myositis.

• Disorders of neuromuscular coordination: cricopharyngeal achalasia, dysenergy of the upper esophageal sphincter.

Esophageal dysphagia:

• Diseases of the esophageal wall: gastroesophageal reflux esophagitis, infections, tumors, eosinophilic esophagitis, esophageal rings.

• Impaired neuromuscular coordination: achalasia or diffuse esophageal spasm.

• Diseases of adjacent structures: lung or mediastinal tumors and vascular compressions.

The information presented on this website is informative and does not replace the medical diagnosis or product leaflet. Any decision about your health should only be made after consultation with your doctor.

Source: DoctorulZilei by

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