Do companies find no manpower? Blame the wages that are too low

Are companies struggling to find labor? Blame the wages that are too low and the frequent use of temporary contracts. Italians blame the difficulties in matching labor demand and supply mainly to companies, which offer too low wages and make a massive use of fixed-term contracts, and think that to support economic growth and employment the state should define a minimum wage and incentivize the reshoring of companies that have outsourced production. These are the main evidences that emerge from the “FragilItalia” Report, prepared by Area Studi Legacoop and Ipsos, based on the results of a survey conducted on a representative sample of the population to test the evolution of the perception of work, related problems and interventions desirable.

In particular, two thirds of Italians, 65% (73% among the over 50s, 61% among the under 30s), indicate low wages as the reason for the misalignment between supply and demand for work; almost half, 49% (56% among the over 50s, 44% among the under 30s), the massive use of fixed-term contracts. However, there is a 35% (41% among the over 50s, 29% among the under 30s) who, instead of putting companies on the “dock”, believe that people do not know how to adapt and are looking for the ideal job.

With regard to the interventions that the State should activate to improve the situation, 45% indicate the need to define a minimum wage (compared to the survey six months ago, there was an increase of 5 percentage points), 39% (-7 points percentages) to incentivize the reshoring of Italian companies that had outsourced production, 33% (+ 2 percentage points) to discourage fixed-term contracts, 26% (+3 percentage points) to facilitate the transition from work to work. The minimum wage requirement is higher than the average figure among the under 30s (49%) and in the working class (47%). The over 50s record the highest percentages in the request to incentivize the reshoring of Italian companies (47%) and to discourage forward contracts (38%).

«In Italian society – underlines the president of Legacoop, Mauro Lusetti – in addition to widening inequalities, ‘weak signals’ advance in many spheres of our communities: needs, hopes, lifestyles. We also find confirmation of this in this study on work. On the one hand, work continues to be a great concern for Italians, with the need for stability and security firmly in first place. Below, however, there are expectations for quality work, which leaves room for personal and family life, which adapts to the new possibilities offered by technology. Among the fractures that continue to emerge, the most worrying is that between citizens and businesses, which must be addressed immediately. It is obvious that citizens attribute the blame for the now obvious wage question to the productive fabric. It is a theme that we are well aware of and to which, as cooperative companies, we respond with constant attention to the well-being of members and workers and with their participation in the management of the company. But there is no doubt that businesses are often in difficulty. System interventions are needed on labor costs and on support for workers and families. Otherwise, there is a risk of further generalized malaise towards businesses, which have never been the lever to restart the country’s development as never before in this phase. In short, Italy not only needs work, but good work. Not of economics, but of good economics ».

The analysis of Area Studi Legacoop and Ipsos also focused on the meaning of work for Italians and on the aspects that define its quality. The results of the survey show that for 9 out of 10 Italians, work is above all a source of income; for 86% it is a way to assert their independence. Also very high are the percentages of those who indicate work as an opportunity for personal growth (84%), a way to fulfill themselves as a person (83%) and to build a social position (81%).

With regard to the characteristics of the ideal job, at the top of the expectations of Italians there are stability, indicated by 40% (but down by 5 percentage points compared to six months ago), and salary, indicated by 39% (-6 points percentages). In third place the availability of free time and flexible hours, which recorded a growth of 2 percentage points, reaching 30%. Note the 5 percentage point increase in those who indicate the possibility of smart working (17%).

Finally, a focus on the qualifying aspects of subordinate work and self-employment. Salary security (63%, rising to 69% among the unemployed) and the possibility of a certain future (40%, 44% for the unemployed) are the two main aspects that motivate the attractiveness of a subordinate job , followed by the possibility of making a career: a figure that is up by 6 percentage points, reaching 30% (with a peak of 41% among the under 30s).

With regard to self-employment, the most attractive factors are the possibility of managing time, indicated by 44% (+10 percentage points compared to six months ago) and to have greater personal satisfaction (for 43%). In third place (35%, up by two percentage points) the opportunity to combine professional and private life more easily.

Source: RSS Economia by

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