Distant fly – like species Science


After a quarter of a century, the Nature Conservation Act is being reformed again. In a partial accident, I ended up compiling a statement from the University of Helsinki on a draft law.

An experienced professor, who was not born in Finland, was surprised to find out that the provisions for the protection of species do not apply to fish. The Fisheries Act is responsible for the protection of endangered fish species as well as leatherback and crab.

Under the Nature Conservation Act, mammals and birds are protected, with the exception of game species and non-protected species. In addition, other endangered animals and plants are listed in the Nature Conservation Ordinance.

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The Hunting Act lists non-sedentary species and defines the rules for sedation of game species. Species defined as harmful alien species in the European Union Alien Species Regulation and the National Regulation are treated in part as non-sedentary species.

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The most confusing group are endangered species under the Nature Conservation Ordinance.

As a rule, they are species that have been assessed as endangered in the endangerment assessment. These are not, of course, congruent lists: all endangered species have been assessed as endangered, but not all species assessed as endangered are endangered species.

The classification of organisms is not always logical. Author Jorge Luis Borges created an imaginary ancient Chinese classification of animals: it included animals belonging to the emperor, embalmed animals, domesticated animals, animals that had just created their skins, and species reminiscent of a fly from afar.

The listing is absurd because it categorizes species inconsistently with each other. It sounded funny to me before I got acquainted with Finnish legislation.

The Parliamentary Committee on Agriculture and Forestry stumbled upon the classification of the species because it decided that the golden cabbage, which is slowly becoming established in Finland, is a harmful alien species. However, this was a daze, because an animal that has run to Finland on its own can not be a harmful alien species. For this reason, the golden cabbage arriving in Finland across the border is currently calmed down.

If you want to shoot a golden goblet, you should make it a game species in the hunting law. However, stocks of game species need to be managed sustainably, so if gold cabbage is made a game species, its stock must be at a sustainable level.

Despite its complexity, classification works well because it protects the golden cup.

Tuomas Aivelo is a postdoctoral researcher in ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Helsinki.


Source: Tiede by www.tiede.fi.

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