The American Jeeps also played a part in the reconstruction of Japan after the Second World War, because the road network lying in the ruins made there a great need for vehicles that could be used in all conditions. In addition to local conditions, the Korean War also justified the production of a self-developed SUV, which also benefited the Japanese automotive industry. In addition to Mitsubishi, Toyota and Nissan have also produced a Japanese version of the Jeep.
The first generation, which was also made with a canvas roof, closed van and fire truck superstructure, was available to civilians as well as civil servants. Equipped with a 3.7-liter, in-line six-cylinder, 75-horsepower engine, four-speed transmission and clutchable all-wheel drive, the SUV was 3650mm in length and 1,500kg in weight, larger and heavier than the original Willys MB Jeep. His off-road capability was compelling, but his comfort level fell far short of that of a passenger car. The Patrol inscription first appeared in 1958 on the prettier 4W65 series, an eight-seater version of this model was also made, and by then it had already got a 4.0-liter row hatch. The first specimens found to be hosted outside of Japan were exported to Kuwait, where the legendary Nissan has since been appreciated.
By the end of the decade, Nissan had completed the more attractive second-generation Patrol inside and out. The 60 Series was already specifically designed for export, and has found its customer base in markets where the rugged terrain required a reliable and durable Japanese SUV. In Australia, the Patrol was the first vehicle to cut across the Simpson Desert, which was such good publicity that Australia has been one of Patrol’s most important markets ever since. This includes even the countries of the Middle East and Africa, but in North America, the Japanese, who have offered the 60 in the U.S. and Canada since 1961, have not been successful. The Patrol was the first model to be marketed under the name Nissan, as the cars were introduced as Datsun. Although it was available with three wheelbases, four body styles, 4.0-liter, 125-horsepower six-cylinder, clutchable all-wheel drive and off-road, novelty. It is possible that the naming disturbed those interested, as Datsun was not widespread enough either, the 240Z was only introduced in 1969. Whatever the reason for the failure, 2,200 copies were sold in 8 years, so they were withdrawn from the market and no longer tried it under that name.
The third generation was introduced after 20 years by the Japanese, who fundamentally changed the style of the Patrol. The 160 series was larger, more comfortable and better equipped than its predecessor. There were two wheelbases to choose from (2350 and 2970 mm), the 2.8-liter, 120-horsepower and 4.0-liter, 145-horsepower, in-line six-cylinder petrol, as well as a 3.3-liter, 95-horsepower, in-line suction diesel. Its angular body was tossed up with stickers typical of the 80s, and even a brown or blue interior color scheme was available. It was also offered air conditioning and power steering, and even a partially self-locking differential, so it continued to perform well in the terrain while becoming more comfortable, which came in handy in the European market. The 160 was first launched, but not only sold, Patrol was also manufactured in Spain, it was the first Nissan assembled in Europe, more precisely Datsun, because until 1984 it was offered under this name, in addition to the Spanish – where the SUV market It was sold as an Ebro Patrol. The icing on the cake is that the 160 series was no longer available in Japan as Patrol but as Safari! In addition to the exclusive 2.7-liter Perkins diesel produced at Motor Ibérica’s plant, the 3.3-liter, 110-horsepower turbo diesel has been available in Europe since 1983.
While the 160 series was still available, Nissan unveiled the Y60 successor model. The special feature of the fifth generation was the coil spring suspension instead of the leaf spring, because at that time only the Range Rover was offered in such a configuration among the SUVs. In addition to the front and rear disc brakes, the releasable stabilizer bar has also been added to Patrol’s offerings, as has the 24-volt electrical system, but the engine range has also been renewed. 3.0-liter, 136-horsepower and 4.2-liter, 170-horsepower (175) with injectors, in-line, six-cylinder petrol and 4.2-liter, 115-horsepower or 2.8-liter, also 115-horsepower, diesel, although in European trades it could only be purchased with the latter.
By the end of the 1990s, the car market had undergone a significant change, with more coming out of Patrol than ever before, be it the exterior-interior design or the performance of the six-cylinder petrol and diesel engines. In Europe, the 2.8-liter turbodiesel with a modified cylinder head and charge air cooler delivered 130 horsepower in the Y61, and 158 horsepower was squeezed out of the new 3.0-liter direct-injection diesel introduced in 2000. Despite being an off-road vehicle, the 4.8-liter, 245-horsepower petrol was especially tuned in the Middle East, and the TB48DE block was able to deliver 2,000 horsepower! Due to declining demand from the Japanese market, Nissan withdrew the model in 2005, while the Y61 is currently in production in South Africa, Morocco and Pakistan.
Y62 (as of 2010)
The Patrol may have found its own fan base, yet more or less lived in the shadow of the Toyota Land Cruiser, so Nissan developed the Patrol into a repositioned luxury SUV by 2010, with its fifth generation unveiled in Abu Dhabi. Built on the F-Alpha platform, the Y62 is still a chassis construction, but instead of rigid axles, it already has an independent suspension at the front and rear to provide similar comfort to recreational cars. The peak version of the more than five-meter Patrol weighs close to 2.8 tonnes and is powered by a 4.0-liter, 275-horsepower V6 or a 5.6-liter, 405-horsepower V8. The change in the market also gave Nissan an opportunity to try his luck in the US again. Following Toyota’s example again, it launched the design as part of its own premium brand, Infiniti, under the name QX56 (QX80 from 2014) and then introduced it in 2016 as Nissan Armada.
Source: Autó-Motor by www.automotor.hu.
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